Lebanon – Party No 128

Bonn, 1 June 2019 – The Lebanese Republic has acceded to the Convention, bringing the total number of Parties to 128. Lebanon is already a Party to a number of instruments under the Convention – the African-Eurasian Migratory Waterbird Agreement (AEWA) and the Agreement on the Conservation of Cetaceans of the Black Sea, Mediterranean and Contiguous Atlantic Area (ACCOBAMS), and is a signatory to the Raptors Memorandum of Understanding.   

Lebanon has a population of 6 million, an area of 10,452 km2, and is located in West Asia on the eastern shores of the Mediterranean with 225 km of coastline, also sharing land borders with the Syrian Arab Republic and Israel.  The capital city is Beirut.

The country is made up of four distinct geographic areas – the coastal plan, the Lebanon Mountain range, the Beqaa Valley (part of the Great Rift Valley system) and the Anti-Lebanon Mountains.  The country’s highest point lies 3,000 metres above sea level. Mount Hermon in the Anti-Lebanon range is 2,814 metres high.  

Lebanon’s accession fills an important gap in the range of many CMS-listed animals.  The country is home to over 200 migratory species, including the endangered Houbara Bustard (Chlamydotis undulata), the critically endangered Ferruginous Duck (Aythya nyroca) and the Greater Spotted Eagle (Clanga clanga).  Other bird species, for which Lebanon is part of the range, include the Purple Heron (Ardea purpurea purpurea), the Peregrine Falcon (Falco peregrinus), the Spotted Crake (Porzana porzana) and the Northern Goshawk (Accipiter gentilis).  Lebanon and its waters are also home to 90 species of mammal including the Blue-White Dolphin (Stenella coeruleoalba), the Mediterranean Monk Seal (Monachus monachus) and Cuvier's Beaked Whale (Ziphius cavirostris).  Several species of marine reptile have also been recorded in Lebanon such as the endangered Loggerhead Turtle (Caretta caretta), the Green Turtle (Chelonia mydas) and the Leatherback Turtle (Dermochelys coriacea).

Last updated on 31 May 2019

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Middle East