Extinction Risk and Conservation of the World's Sharks and Rays


This report presents systematic analysis of threat for a globally distributed lineage of 1,041 chondrichthyan fishes-sharks, rays, and chimaeras. The report estimates that one-quarter are threatened according to IUCN Red List criteria due to overfishing (targeted and incidental). The results show that large-bodied, shallow-water species are at greatest risk and five out of the seven most threatened families are rays. Overall chondrichthyan extinction risk is substantially higher than for most other vertebrates, and only one-third of species are considered safe. Population depletion has occurred throughout the world's ice-free waters, but is particularly prevalent in the Indo-Pacific Biodiversity Triangle and Mediterranean Sea.

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Author(s)Dulvy NK
Fowler SL
Musick JA
Cavanagh RD
Kyne PM
Harrison LR
Carlson JK
Davidson LN
Fordham SV
Francis MP
Pollock CM
Simpfendorfer CA
Burgess GH
Carpenter KE
Compagno LJ
Ebert DA
Gibson C
Heupel MR
Livingstone SR
Sanciangco JC
Stevens JD
Valenti S
White WT.
Published Date2014
Order codehttp://dx.doi.org/10.7554/eLife.00590.001
CMS InstrumentSharks