The Sustainable Use of Saiga Antelopes: Perspectives and Prospects


The main international instrument for the conservation of the Saiga is the Memorandum of Understanding concerning the Conservation, Restoration and Sustainable Use of the Saiga Antelope (Saiga spp), the "saiga MOU". The long-term vision of the Saiga MOU, which all Range States and cooperating organizations have signed up to, is to restore Saiga populations to the point at which sustainable use can be envisioned.

This report was commissioned to provide a foundation for exploring the potential of sustainable use of the Saiga Antelope, and to define the pre-conditions which need to be fulfilled to ensure that such use would be sustainable in practice. It includes chapters on the theory of sustainable harvesting with application to Saiga, potential management structures for Saiga harvesting, population-specific considerations, a view from China as a major consumer nation and former Range State, and information on the international trade in Saiga products and its status under CITES. Throughout, we endeavour both to give detailed information specific to Saigas, but also to provide examples and lessons from other relevant species and geographies to provide the reader with ideas and concepts around sustainable wildlife use. Finally, we summarize the insights from the report and suggest ways forward.

This report was prepared by the Saiga Conservation Alliance with contributions from collaborating organizations on behalf of the Convention on the Conservation of Migratory Species of Wild Animals (CMS) with funding from the Federal Ministry for the Environment, Nature Conservation and Nuclear Safety / Federal Agency for Nature Conservation of Germany, September 2021.

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Author(s)E.J. Milner-Gulland
P. Hughes
E. Bykova
Buuveibaatar Bayarbaatar
B. Chimeddorj
T. Yu. Karimova
A. A. Lushchekina
A. Salemgareyev
S. von Meibom
S. Zuther
Published DateSeptember 2021
Publication LanguageEnglish
PublisherCMS Secretariat
TypeTechnical Reports
CMS InstrumentCMS, Saiga Antelope