Monitoring and research of grassland biodiversity are now being coordinated among the countries to collect data on distribution, population counts, abundance and the conservation status of birds, frogs, butterflies and other insects. In addition, an international bird ringing programme is being implemented, where small, individually numbered tags are attached to the birds’ legs to track their movements and identify threats along their flyways. Studies are being conducted to determine the impact of chemicals and fertilizers on bird populations. In addition, training courses on best practices and tailored conservation are being considered to target educators, journalists, producers and rural associations.