The Intergovernmental Task Force on Illegal Killing, Taking and Trade of Migratory Birds in the Mediterranean (MIKT) has been convened by the CMS Secretariat in conjunction with the Secretariat of AEWA, the Raptors MOU Coordinating Unit and the African-Eurasian Migratory Landbirds Action Plan (AEMLAP) Working Group. It brings together governmental representatives of CMS Parties around the Mediterranean, including the European Union and other interested parties. Representatives from non-CMS Parties as well as relevant international organizations and networks are also part of MIKT as observers.

The Task Force has been established under CMS COP Resolution 11.16 (Rev. COP12) on the illegal killing, taking and trade of migratory birds to facilitate international cooperation as well as the implementation of the existing guidelines and action plans in particular the Tunis Action Plan 2013-2020 for the Eradication of Illegal Killing, Trapping and Trade of Wild Birds. It will also consider whether any new guidelines, action plans or other recommendations to respond to specific problems are necessary. Moreover, it will enable the exchange of information, training and education, law enforcement, deterrence and prevention to reduce the mortality rate among migratory birds.

The first Meeting of this Intergovernmental Task Force was held from 12 to 15 July 2016 in Cairo, Egypt. During these days, Governments and observers agreed on the need for stricter penalties, increased surveillance and improved law enforcement, committing to a zero tolerance approach to curb the massive slaughter of migratory birds in the Mediterranean. As a result, the Cairo Declaration on Illegal Killing, Taking and Trade of Migratory Birds in the Mediterranean Region as well as a detailed Programme of Work (PoW) until 2020 were adopted. A scoreboard was prepared to measure the progress of the PoW. The scoreboard was adopted as Annex 1 to Resolution 11.16 (Rev. COP12) during CMS COP 12 in 2017.

Ensuring that national legislation is effective in addressing national challenges and it is properly implemented and enforced represents a key component of the MIKT Programme of Work. With this aim, prosecutors and investigators working on environmental legislation were invited to a groundbreaking Workshop for Government Prosecutors on the Illegal Killing, Taking and Trade (IKB) of Migratory Birds in the Mediterranean Region.

The workshop was organized in cooperation with the European Network of Prosecutors for the Environment (ENPE) at Valsaín, Segovia, Spain, from 9 – 11 May 2018. The training covered presentations on the research into the size and extent of the problem, the various motives of offenders, the techniques and equipment used in IKB, the expertise and international assistance available, the EU Wildlife Trade (CITES) Regulations and, most importantly, case studies of significant prosecutions and investigations into IKB from different countries, mainly from the Mediterranean Region. An article published on the CMS website provides further information.

While the specific measures needed to tackle bird crime will vary for each country, the Task Force has agreed to strengthen three key areas focusing on immediate measures from a legal perspective, continuous monitoring and conservation actions as well as increased awareness campaigns and educational schemes. MIKT is working as a catalyst to gather the information scattered amongst diverse international organizations, and helping experts coordinate their work, offering amongst other things a remote online workspace.

The Mediterranean basin is currently a hotspot for illegal killing and trapping and MIKT is the first Pan Mediterranean Task Force to be developed, having a distinctly regional focus and aiming to be replicated for other parts of the world.

The European Commission were recognized as Champion Plus for their generous support and commitment towards addressing Illegal Killing, Taking and Trade of Migratory Birds in the Mediterranean for the period 2018-2020. This activity has been funded with the contribution granted by the European Commission under the Migratory Species Champion Programme and through the Global Public Goods and Challenges (GPGC Programme) Cooperation Agreements with UNEP.



1.       Albania

Mr  Ermal Halimi

Biodiversity Directorate and Protected Areas, Ministry of Environment

[email protected]

2.       Algeria

Mr. Mohamed Hadjeloum


Chef de bureau de la Gestion et de la Protection de la Faune Sauvage

Direction Generale des Forets

[email protected]

3.      Bosnia-Herzegovina

 Ms. Nada Mlinar

Ms. Vanda Medic

Executive assistant for International Cooperation, Ministry of Foreign Trade and Economic Relations [email protected] 

[email protected]

4.      Croatia

Ms. Maja Polic

Nature Protection Inspector, Directorate for Inspection, Ministry of Environment and Nature Protection

[email protected]

5.       Cyprus

Mr. Pantelis Hadjijerou

Head of Game and Fauna Department, Ministry of the Interior

[email protected]

6.       Egypt

Mr. Luay El Sayed

Coordinator of Wildlife Programme Nature Conservation Sector Environmental Affairs Agency

[email protected]

7.       European Union

Mr. Joseph van der Stegen

European Commission,
Directorate-General for Environment, Nature Unit

 [email protected]

8.       France


Mr. François Lamarque


Chargé de mission pour les actions européennes et internationales en faveur de la faune et de la flore sauvage, Ministère de l’Environnement, de l’Enérgie et de la Mer

[email protected]

9.       Greece

Mr. Nikolas Bokaris



Mr. Panagiotis Drougas

Head of the Department Wildlife Management and Hunting 
Ministry Environment and Energy
Department Wildlife Management and Hunting 
Ministry Environment and Energy

10.       Israel

Mr Simon Nentzov



Ms Ayelet Rosen

Wildlife Ecologist and Coordinator of International Treaties, Israel Nature and Parks Authority 

[email protected]

Director, Division of Multilateral Environmental Agreements
Israeli Ministry of Environmental Protection

[email protected]

11.   Italy

Mr. Claudio Marrucci



Ufficio per la Cooperazione Internazionale

Comando Generale dei Carabinieri

[email protected]

12. Lebanon

Mr. Jeff Gerges

Environment Specialist at the Ministry of Environment

[email protected] 

13.   Libya

Dr. Abdalbaset Hassan Abushiba Massoud

[email protected]

14.   Malta


Ms. Jessica Fenech


Scientific Coordinator, Birds Regulation Unit, Parliamentary Secretariat for Agriculture, Fisheries and Animal Rights

[email protected]

15.   Monaco

Mr Ludovic Aquilina

Chef de Section, Direction de l’Environment

[email protected]

16.   Montenegro

Ms. Jovana Zaric

Ministry of Sustainable Development and Tourism

[email protected]

17.   Morocco

Ms. Hayat Mesbah

Chef de Service de la Conservation
de la Flore et de la Faune Sauvages,
Haut Commissariat aux Eaux et Forêts
et à la Lutte Contre la Désertification

[email protected]

18.   Slovenia

Mr. Andrej Bibic (CMS Focal Point)

Ministry of Environment and Spatial Planning

[email protected]

19.   Spain

Ms. Barbara Soto-Largo

Ministry of Agriculture, Food and Environment (MAGRAMA)

[email protected]

20.   Syrian Arab Republic

Eng. Ahmad Aidek

Biodiversity, Land and Nature Reserves Directorate, Ministry of State for Environment Affairs

[email protected]

[email protected]

21.   Tunisia

Mr. Jamel Tahri

Ingénieur principal a la Direction Générale des Forêts au Ministere de l’Agriculture, des Ressources Hydrauliques et de la Peche

[email protected]

22.   United Kingdom

Ms.  Kate Brickett 

Head of Wildlife Management and Crime, Natural Environment Policy, Department for Environment, Food and Rural Affairs(DEFRA)

[email protected]



Interested Parties [1]

1.       Germany

Mr Oliver Schall

Division of Species Protection, Federal Ministry for the Environment, Nature Conservation, Building and Nuclear Safety (BMUB)

[email protected]

2.       Portugal

Mr. Joao Loureiro

Head of Unit - Institute of Nature Conservation and Forests

[email protected]


3.       Jordan


Nomination pending  


1.       Palestine

Nomination pending


2.       Turkey

Mr Fehmi Arikan

Expert - Department of Game Management GD of Nature Conservation and National Parks Ministry of Forestry and Water Affairs

[email protected]

MEA Secretariats & networks

1.       AEWA Secretariat

Mr. Sergey Dereliev

Technical Officer

[email protected]

2.       Bern Convention  Secretariat

Ms. Iva Obretenova

[email protected]

3.       CITES  Secretariat

Mr. Barend Van Rensburg

Chief of Enforcement Support

[email protected]

4.       CMS  Secretariat

Mr. Tilman Schneider

Avian Unit, CMS Secretariat

[email protected]

5.       Task Force Coordinator

Ms. Laura Aguado

[email protected]

6.       Raptors MOU

Mr. Nick Williams

Head of Coordinating Unit

[email protected]

7.       INTERPOL

Ms. Cindy Chimal

Environmental Security

INTERPOL General Secretariat

[email protected]

8.       UNEP

Ms Lobna Ben Nakhla


Mr Harald Egerer

UNEP MAP Regional Activity Centre, Tunisia

[email protected]

Head of the Secretariat of the Carpathian Convention, UNEP's Regional Office for Europe

[email protected]

9.       UNODC

Ms. Olga Kuzmianok

Programme manager of Global Programme for Combating Wildlife and Forest Crime

[email protected]


10.    UNDP


Mr. Yves de Soye

Regional Technical Advisor, Ecosystems & Biodiversity, Global Environmental Finance Unit, Bureau for Policy and Programme Support

[email protected]

11.   EU Forum of Judges for the Environment (EUFJE)

Mr. Jan Van den Bergue

Vice-president Court of First Instance, East-Flanders/ High Council of the Judiciary

[email protected]

12.   European Network of Prosecutors for the Environment (ENPE)

Mr. Angus Innes

Senior Lawyer (Team Leader)

Legal Services 


[email protected]

13.   Europol / EnviCrimeNet

Mr. Igor Jakupic

Seconded National Expert (SNE)

Environmental Crime

Europol O24

[email protected]

Advisory Bodies

1.       CMS Standing Committee

Mr. Øystein Størkersen

Chair – CMS Standing Committee [email protected]

2.       Scientific Council CMS      

Mr. Fernando Spina

Chair Scientific Council

[email protected]

3.       AEWA Technical Committee

Mr. Imad Cherkaoui

[email protected]

4.       Raptors MOU Technical Advisory Group

Mr. Andre Botha

Chair Technical Advisory Group

[email protected]

5.       Landbirds Working Group

Mr. Olivier Biber

Chair Landbirds Working Group

[email protected]

6.       Flyways Working Group

Mr. Taej Mundkur

Chair Flyways Working Group

[email protected]

7.       Tour du Valat


Ms. Laura Dami

Project Leader - Waterbirds monitoring in the Mediterranean region

[email protected]

8.       CMS Preventing Poisoning Working Group


Mr. David de la Bodega



Coordinator (interim)

[email protected]

SEO, Head of Legal Program

1. BirdLife International Ms. Nicola Crockford

International Policy Officer
[email protected]

2. CABS (Committee against Bird Slaughter)

Ms. Andrea Rutigliano Enforcement Officer
[email protected]


Mr. Stefan Ferger

Project Management
[email protected]

4. FACE (European Hunter's Federation)

Mr. David Scallan Director of Conservation (acting)
[email protected]

5. IMPEL (European Enforcement Network)

Mr. John Visbeen

Board Member
john.v[email protected]


Ms. Catherine Numa Centre for Mediterranean Cooperation, Málaga
[email protected]


Mr. Lars Lachmann Birds Officer
[email protected]

8. TRAFFIC (Wildlife Trade Monitoring Network)

Ms. Vinciane Sacré
EU-TWIX Administrator
9. IAF (International Association for Falconry and Conservation of Birds of Prey) Mr. Gary Timbrell
Executive Officer
10. SEO (Spanish Ornithological Society) Mr. David de la Bodega 

Head of legal program

[email protected]


[1] Terms of Referenceof MIKT states that representatives of Parties elsewhere in the African-Eurasian Flyway and beyond that wish to support the work of the Task Force can also be invited to contribute to the Task Force.




Title Language Date Source
Joint Meeting on Eradication of Illegal Killing, Taking and Trade in Wild Birds English 10/05/2019
Cooperamos en la lucha internacional contra la caza ilegal de aves Spanish 09/05/2019
Allarme sul bracconaggio degli uccelli: moltissime le specie a rischio estinzione Italian 08/05/2019
New Strategy to Eradicate Bird Crime in Europe and the Mediterranean English 14/05/2019
Bracconaggio degli uccelli, 25 Paesi uniti per contrastarlo Italian 08/05/2019
Italia in prima linea contro il bracconaggio, a Castelporziano conferenza internazionale Italian 08/05/2019
Prosecutors, Workshop Strengthens Fight against Illegal Killing of Birds in the Mediterranean English 14/04/2018
Task Force adopts zero-tolerance approach to curb annual slaughter in the Mediterranean English 19/07/2016
Countries to meet in Egypt to end killing of migratory birds English 09/07/2016 Ahramonline
Africa: Task Force Agrees Need for Tougher Penalties, Adopts Zero Tolerance Approach to Curb Annual Slaughter of 25 Million Birds in the Mediterranean English 14/07/2016
Task Force Agrees Need for Tougher Penalties, Adopts Zero Tolerance Approach to Curb Annual Slaughter of 25 Million Birds in the Mediterranean English 14/07/2016 UNEP News Center
New UN task force to fight migratory bird hunting English 15/07/2016 Deutsche Welle
Task force Unep: tolleranza zero contro la strage di 25 milioni di uccelli all’anno nel Mediterraneo Italian 18/07/2016
Wie kann der millionenfache Vogelfang im Mittelmeerraum gestoppt werden? German 09/07/2016 Scharf Links
Wie kann der millionenfache Vogelfang im Mittelmeerraum gestoppt werden? German 13/07/2016
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حملة لحماية الطيور المهاجرة من شباك الصيادين Arabic 16/07/2016 Al Akhbar
البيئة تختتم فعاليات اجتماع مكافحة الصيد غير المشروع للطيور المهاجرة Arabic 15/07/2016 Loma Zoma
مصر تستضيف اجتماع فريق عمل الصيد غير القانوني للطيور المهاجر Arabic 12/07/2016 Al Bawaba
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وزير البيئة: مصر ملتزمة باتفاقية الحفاظ على الطيور المهاجرة Arabic 12/07/2016 Vetogate
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Environment Specialist at the Ministry of Environment

[email protected]


Environment Specialist at the Ministry of Environment

[email protected]


Ms Nada Mlinar


Ms. Vanda Medic