Target 9: International and regional action and cooperation between States for the conservation and effective management of migratory species fully reflects a migration systems approach, in which all States sharing responsibility for the species concerned engage in such actions in a concerted way.


►    The CMS Capacity-building Strategy 2015-2017 includes:

18) According to Objective 3 of the Strategic Plan to broaden awareness and enhance engagement in the conservation of migratory species amongst key actors, cooperation between nations can be achieved only if the decision-makers and opinion-leaders involved are aware of the issues and the paramount need for concerted action. It has been a main task of the Convention in the past, and will remain so in future, to bring those problems to the attention of selected key target audiences. Targets related to this objective include activities that strengthen the engagement of existing Parties and networks as well as the addition of new Contracting Parties including those identified as priorities to impact migratory species.

19) Objective 4, to reinforce CMS’s overarching and unifying role in the conservation and management of migratory species, includes many activities. The objective above and corresponding activities aimed at strengthening the work of the Convention increases its effectiveness and efficiency and establishes a better corporate identity for the Convention and its legally independent, formal daughter Agreements.

20) With regard to objective 4.1, CMS membership should increase by 30 Parties, particularly targeting those that are of high importance for migratory species. Finally, the Strategic Plan must also make provisions for helping to develop the capacity of bodies involved in implementing the Convention and its legal instruments, especially in developing countries.

21) There is considerable evidence of a continuing interest in increasing the number of new Parties to the Convention. CMS formally recognized the recruitment of new Parties as a high priority for the Convention at the COP8 in November 2005. The guiding principles that underpin the CMS Recruitment Strategy are: the transfer, exchange and sharing of CMS information and expertise that promote and result in the conservation of migratory species.

►    The Central Asian Flyways Action Plan for the conservation of migratory water birds and their habitats (CAF) includes:

Objective 5 - Implementation:

5.8) The Secretariat shall endeavour to initiate bilateral, regional and flyway scale training, education and public awareness activities.

►    The Programme of Work of the Central Asian Mammals Initiative (CAMI POW) includes:

Objective 4 - To support implementation, coordination and resourcing of the CAMI:

4.1.4) Conduct regular technical, thematic, ecoregion workshops.

►    The MoU for the Conservation of cetaceans and their habitats in the Pacific Island Region: Whale and Dolphin Action Plan 2013-2017 includes:

Theme 2 - Capacity Building:

Objective 1 - Increase in-country expertise and capacity:

2.2) Develop training packages on common priorities (e.g. stranding, data recording, legislation, communication, etc.) based on regional priorities and convene workshops based on identified needs.

2.10) Develop capacity to negotiate and advocate for regional policies and positions.

►    The South Andean Huemul MoU Action Plan includes the proposed action to undertake binational capacity building on the species and areas where populations are present.


►    The CMS COP Resolution 11.31 (2014) on Fighting wildlife crime and offences within and beyond borders includes:

6. Encourages Parties and non-Parties, funding agencies and CMS Partners to support capacity-building nationally, across borders and in the High Seas for rangers, customs, police, the military and other relevant bodies