Target 7: Multiple anthropogenic pressures have been reduced to levels that are not detrimental to the conservation of migratory species or to the functioning, integrity, ecological connectivity and resilience of their habitats.


►    The CMS Capacity-building Strategy 2015-2017 makes an indirect contribution to this target by addressing the capacity of CMS National Focal Points to cooperate and communicate with national stakeholders inter alia on combating anthropogenic threats.

►     In the Climate Change and Migratory Species Programme of Work - CMS COP Resolution 11.26 (2014), capacity-building needs are referred to throughout, including in relation to knowledge and research:

6) Calls on Parties and non-Parties and stakeholders, with the support of the Secretariat, to strengthen national and local capacity for the implementation of the POW and the protection of species impacted by climate change, including, inter alia, by developing partnerships with key stakeholders and organizing training courses, translating and disseminating examples of best practice, sharing and implementing protocols and regulations, transferring technology, and promoting the use of online and other tool to address specific issues contained in the POW

The PoW also seeks an increase in the capacity of natural resource managers and other decision makers to enhance their ability to address the impacts on climate change on migratory species.

►    The Programme of Work of the Central Asian Mammals Initiative includes:

Objective 1 - To address key threats and issues currently not (sufficiently) covered by existing work programmes and stakeholders:

1.4.5) Involve transport infrastructure, agriculture, border defence sectors, (e.g. OSCE, CAREC, FAO) in CMS relevant technical workshops to represent the interests and capacity of groups which drive identified threats.

Objective 3 - To facilitate knowledge exchange, communication and the promotion of synergies:

3.1.8) Establish an “Asian Scientific Initiative for Conservation of Migration” to facilitate science communications: information exchange among institutions, building network facilitated by CMS, capacity building.

►    The Saiga-Medium-Term International Work Programmefor the Saiga Antelope (2016-2020) includes:

Objective 8 - Monitoring:

8.5) Disseminate protocols and processes for taking environmental data at the landscape scale and biological samples from individual saigas, sample storage and clinical diagnostics, including training and capacity-building as required.

Objective 10 - North-West Pre-Caspian region population:

10.7) Improve the institutional capacity and effectiveness of the national and regional authorities responsible for saiga management, and strengthen their links with the CMS contact point, CITES Management Authority and other administrative units of the Russian Federation and internationally.

►    The International Single Species Action Plan for the Conservation of the Argali includes:

Objective 1 - To stabilize argali numbers and range and reverse negative trends:

1.1.2) Strengthen management capacity of trophy hunting concessions and clearly define hunting zones and seasons.