Target 6: Fisheries and hunting have no significant direct or indirect adverse impacts on migratory species, their habitats or their migration routes, and impacts of fisheries and hunting are within safe ecological limits.


See separate Indicator Factsheets document.

►    The  CMS COP Resolution 12.22 on Bycatch (Manila 2017 )includes:

Bycatch Mitigation Measures and Data Collection

 9. Encourages Parties to conduct research to identify and improve mitigation measures, including use of alternative fishing gear and methods, particularly in respect to nonselective gears such as gillnets, to avoid or reduce bycatch where feasible, and subsequently promote their use and implementation;

10. Recommends carrying out further evaluation of the welfare implications of bycatch of marine mammals, including investigation into the sub-lethal effects of bycatch-related injury and stress, and their conservation implications;

11. Requests Parties to improve reporting of bycatch information and data in their CMS National Reports, or via their reports to CMS daughter agreements, particularly on bycatch mitigation methods that have proved to be effective;

12. Further encourages Parties and invites other governments, fisheries and fisheries-related organizations and the private sector to facilitate collection of species-specific bycatch data and to share such data wherever possible;

13. Requests Parties to provide available information, including the results of bycatch risk assessments or mitigation research, to the Scientific Council to allow the Scientific Council, upon request from one or several Parties, to identify and provide advice to them on bestpractice mitigation techniques for each particular circumstance;

14. Requests the CMS Secretariat, subject to the availability of resources, to:

a) undertake studies to assist any interested developing countries to determine relative levels of bycatch in their commercial and artisanal fisheries when they so require, where feasible in collaboration with relevant intergovernmental organizations;

 b) organize a series of specialist bycatch mitigation workshops in developing country Parties and non-Parties with substantial commercial fisheries coordinated with any interested Parties, where feasible in collaboration with relevant intergovernmental organizations;

d) make the information gathered under paragraph 12 a) readily accessible to all relevant range states for migratory species threatened by bycatch, inter alia to assist in the application of bycatch mitigation techniques relevant to migratory species and report progress to meetings of the Standing Committee and Scientific Council;

►    The Memorandum of Understanding for the conservation of cetaceans and their habitats in the Pacific Islands Region: Whale and Dolphin Action Plan 2013-2017  includes:

Theme 3 - Threat Reduction:


• Improved catch reporting systems.

• System of collecting data from fishing operators on by-catch and depredation developed and used.

• Properly tested depredation/mitigation techniques.

• Increased adoption of mitigation techniques by fisheries.

• Improved reporting and recording of direct take data/information.

• Management system in place, e.g. management plans, policies, regulations etc that ensure sustainability of species stocks.

• Adoption of international regulations/agreements applied to capture activities.

►    The Memorandum of Understanding concerning the conservation of the Manatee and small cetaceans of Western Africa and Macaronesia - Action Plan for the Conservation of small cetaceans of Western Africa and Macaronesia includes:

Theme 3 - Ecosystem and Habitat Protection:


• Workshop conducted and report available.

• Liaison with regional fishery bodies and NGOs.

Theme 4 - Threat Reduction:


• Sustainable principles applied to any direct take, and international regulations and agreements applied to capture activities.

►    The International Single Species Action Plan for the Conservation of the Argali includes:

Objective 1 - To stabilize argali numbers and range and reverse negative trends:


• Trophy hunting operations follow international good practice (IUCN 2012) Quotas are scientifically based and sustainable.

• Process for setting quotas, licences and allocating concessions is transparent.

• Community involvement in trophy hunting programmes.