Target 6: Fisheries and hunting have no significant direct or indirect adverse impacts on migratory species, their habitats or their migration routes, and impacts of fisheries and hunting are within safe ecological limits.


►    The Manual for CMS National Focal Points and NFP workshops aim to build the capacity of CMS and CMS Family NFPs to engage with stakeholders within their country (see Chapter 3 in Manual) to mainstream migratory species protection and sustainable use into national and international environmental policy.

►    The CMS COP Resolution 11.24 (2014) on the Central Asian Mammals Initiative includes:

Objective 1 - To address key threats and issues currently not (sufficiently) covered by existing work programmes and stakeholders:

1.1.1) Strengthen the capacity of rangers and other relevant enforcement personnel to counteract illegal hunting and trade and secure necessary funding (i.e. human resources, equipment, training).

►    The International Single Species Action Plan for the Conservation of the Argali includes:

Objective 1 - To stabilize argali numbers and range and reverse negative trends:

1.1.2) Strengthen management capacity of trophy hunting concessions and clearly define hunting zones and seasons.

1.1.3) Provide relevant training and equipment for law enforcement officers, PA staff, and others

1.2.9) Training law enforcement staff in implementation of CITES regulations, identification of argali products and techniques for countering illegal trade.

Objective 2 - To maintain and restore intact argali habitat and migration routes:

2.1.5) Provide adequate transport, equipment, and training to protected areas and rangers.

2.5.1) Increase the capacity of protected area and hunting area managers to monitor and sustainably manage argali populations through training. By: Government agencies, scientific institutions, INGOs.

►    The Conservation and Management Plan for Marine Turtles of the Atlantic coast of Africa includes:

Objective 1 - Reduce direct and indirect causes of marine turtle mortality:

1.4) Minimize the effects of artisanal and commercial fisheries on marine turtles.

1.4.2) Develop procedures and training programs to promote implementation of these measures, such as vessel monitoring systems and inspections at sea, in port and at landing sites, and national on-board observer programs with relevant fishery management organisations.

Objective 4 - Increase public awareness to threats facing marine turtles and their habitats, and enhance public participation in conservation activities:

4.1.4) Develop and undertake education and awareness programs for targeted groups (e.g. for the relevant authorities and politicians, students, teachers, fishing communities, beach owners, the media).

Objective 5 - Enhance national, regional and international cooperation:

5.1.7) Train personnel (customs people, the police force, guards, authorities of protected areas, fisheries inspectors, etc.) authorized to monitor illegal trafficking and the enforcement of national legislation for the conservation of marine turtles.

►    The Conservation and Management Plan of the MoU on the Conservation and Management of Marine Turtles and their Habitats of the Indian Ocean and South-East Asia (IOSEA MoU) includes:

Objective 1 - Reduce direct and indirect causes of marine turtle mortality:

1.4.b) Develop procedures and training programmes to promote implementation of these measures [reduce mortality of turtles], such as vessel monitoring systems and inspections at sea, in port and at landing sites, and national on-board observer programmes.

►    The Central Asian Flyways Action Plan for the conservation of migratory water birds and their habitats (CAF) includes:

Objective 4 - Management of Human activities:

4.1.9) Range States shall promote the education and training of hunters for the conservation and sustainable use of waterbirds, including through hunting associations and shall endeavour to make mandatory hunter proficiency tests as a condition for the issue of hunting licences. The proficiency test for hunters should include, among other things, waterbird identification including of target and non-target species.