Target 2: Multiple values of migratory species and their habitats have been integrated into international, national and local development and poverty reduction strategies and planning processes, including on livelihoods, and are being incorporated into national accounting, as appropriate, and reporting systems.


►The COP Resolution 12.3 (Manila, 2017) on Manila Declaration On Sustainable Development And Migratory Species, includes:

2. Encourages Parties to implement the Strategic Plan for Migratory Species fully and to monitor and report on progress in the achievement of its targets using designated indicators, thus contributing to the achievement and assessment of the objectives of the CMs Family, the 2020 Aichi Targets and the SDGs;

4. Encourages Parties to develop national legal frameworks to implementing the obligations of the Convention in support of the SDGs;

 5. Calls upon Parties to incorporate the necessary measures for conserving migratory species in the United Nations Development Assistance Frameworks (UNDAFs) and in any National Planning Strategies;

6. Urges Parties and relevant stakeholders to promote and improve coordination for the implementation of the Convention at national level, including through coordination among National Focal Points of relevant Multilateral Environmental Agreements, coordination between different sectors of government and collaboration with the private sector; and to integrate wildlife considerations of their economic and social policies


 ►The COP Resolution 12.5 (Manila, 2017) on National Reports, includes:   

2. Urges all Contracting Parties, in accordance with the provisions of Article VI of the Convention, to submit national reports to the Secretariat at least six months before each ordinary Meeting of the Conference of the Parties;

7. Urges the Secretariat to identify, in cooperation with Parties, possible obstacles and/or constraints in preparing national reports;

8. Recommends that the Secretariat develop mechanisms to support countries in submitting their national reports, including assistance for developing countries to help gather the required information


 ►The CMS COP Resolution 12.09 (Manila, 2017) on the Establishment of a Review Mechanism and National Legislation Programme includes:

1. Decides to establish a review mechanism to facilitate compliance with the obligations set out in Articles III.4, III.5, III.7, and VI.2 of the Convention (“implementation matters”);

2. Decides also to establish a National Legislation Programme to support strengthening the implementation of the Convention through national legislation and support Parties, if needed, in developing or improving relevant national legislation.

 ►Decision 12.9 on the Establishment of a Review Mechanism and a National Legislation Programme, Directed to the Parties, states: Parties are strongly encouraged to complete the information in the pre-filled questionnaire, updating any information provided through the national report.


Anthropogenic Impact


►    The COP Resolution 12.21 (Manila 2017) Climate Change and Migratory Species includes:

2. Urges Parties, despite the remaining uncertainty surrounding the full scale of the impacts of climate change on migratory species, not to delay related decision-making and action;

3. Encourages Parties to take into account potential social and environmental impacts on migratory species when developing and implementing relevant climate change mitigation and adaptation action and land use planning. This should include Strategic Environmental Assessments and Environmental Impact Assessments, in line with the provisions of Resolution 7.2 on impact assessment and migratory species and Resolution 11.27 on renewable energy and migratory species. Assessments should take into account the needs of CMS-listed species, and actions should involve, where appropriate, multilateral development banks, the energy sector and other stakeholders;

4. Requests Parties and Signatories to the CMS instruments to assess what steps are necessary to help migratory species cope with climate change and changes in human activities as a result of climate change and of mitigating its effects, that have an impact on migratory species and take action to give effect to the POW on Climate Change;


Aquatic Species


►    The Memorandum of Understanding for the conservation of cetaceans and their habitats in the Pacific Islands Region: Whale and Dolphin Action Plan 2013-2017includes:

Theme 9 - National, Regional and International Collaboration and Cooperation:

Objective 1 - Promote and enhance national, regional and international coordination, collaboration and partnership for whale and dolphin conservation in the Pacific Islands Region:

9.7) Ensure integration of whale and dolphin conservation into national, regional and international initiatives including: NBSAPs; National Sustainable Development Strategies; Pacific Islands Regional Oceans Policy; Action Strategy for Nature Conservation, CROP Marine Sector Working Group; RFMOs; NBSAP Working Group). CTI, Micronesian challenge, Oceanscape, Funding opportunities e.g. GEF.


Avian Species


►    The Action Plan for the conservation of southern South American migratory grassland bird species and their habitatsadopted within the Memorandum of Understanding on the Conservation of Southern South American Migratory Grassland Bird Species and their Habitats:

Objective 4 - To strengthen public policies for natural grasslands preservation:

8.1) To draft the development of the legal framework for grasslands preservation in non-protected areas.

8.2) Develop and implement grasslands planning tools.

8.3) Promoting and implementing regulations on the use of grasslands invasive alien species.


►    The Action Plan - Memorandum of Understanding on the Conservation and Management of the Middle-European Population of the Great Bustard includes:

9) Economic measures, that State authorities, political decision makers, economic sectors and associations of land users (e.g. farmers, shepherds, hunters) should cooperate with the aim of developing economic activities which are not harmful to the Great Bustard and the biodiversity on which they depend in order to increase acceptance by local communities of Great Bustard conservation measures and to compensate for any damage land users may experience as a result of such conservation measures.


►       The CMS COP Resolution 11.17 (Rev.COP12) on Migratory Landbirds in the African-Eurasian Region  adopted the  African-Eurasian Migratory Landbirds Action Plan (AEMLAP) which includes:


Theme 1 - Agriculture:

Objective 1.1 - Intensive agriculture:  Conservation and/or design of such agricultural landscapes needs to be promoted through agricultural policy and advocacy, integrating considerations of biodiversity and the requirements of migratory landbird species with the provision of ecosystem services, and measures for combating poverty, desertification and the longer-term effects of climate change whilst taking account of food, water and energy security imperatives. Consideration of where to site new intensive agricultural development zones should therefore ideally be addressed by national or regional Strategic Environmental Assessments that bring together all of these sectors.


Terrestrial Species


►    The CMS COP Resolution 12.18 on Conservation of the African Wild Ass (Equus africanus)includes:

1. Encourages current and former Range States to implement the Roadmap for the Conservation of the African Wild Ass, contained in UNEP/CMS/COP12/Inf.19 as the principal strategy for conservation of the African wild ass;

2. Urges current and former Range States to include conservation measures stated in the Roadmap for the Conservation of the African Wild Ass within their National Biodiversity Strategies and Action Plans (NBSAPs);

3. Invites Range States to develop and implement national legislation to increase the protection of the African wild ass;

 4. Requests the Federal Democratic Republic of Ethiopia and the State of Eritrea to monitor the existing populations of the African wild ass;

5. Requests the Federal Democratic Republic of Ethiopia and the State of Eritrea and invites the former Range States to report to the Conference of the Parties at each meeting and to the International Union for Conservation of Nature (IUCN) Equid Specialist Group on the progress of implementation of the Roadmap for the Conservation of the African Wild Ass;



►    The  CMS COP Resolution 10.08 (Rev. COP12) on Cooperation between the International Science Policy Platform on Biodiversity and Ecosystem Services (IPBES) and CMS includes:

1. Urges CMS Focal Points and Scientific Councillors to communicate and liaise regularly with the national representatives in the IPBES to ensure that the needs for research and policy guidance related to migratory species, especially those listed under CMS, are being adequately addressed by IPBES;

2. Invites IPBES to address science-policy linkages and the need for assessments, policy support, capacity building and knowledge generation relating to the conservation and sustainable use of migratory species of wild animals;

4. Requests the Scientific Council to participate in relevant processes of IPBES, in collaboration with the scientific advisory bodies of other MEAs as appropriate;

5. Instructs the Secretariat to maintain cooperative working relationships with IPBES, to participate as appropriate in meetings of the Platform and to report on progress to the Standing Committee, resources permitting.