Target 2: Multiple values of migratory species and their habitats have been integrated into international, national and local development and poverty reduction strategies and planning processes, including on livelihoods, and are being incorporated into national accounting, as appropriate, and reporting systems.


Anthropogenic Impact


►    The Resolution 10.19 Migratory Species Conservation in the Light of Climate Change includes:

3) Encourages Parties to develop guidelines on measures needed to assist migratory species adapt to climate change;

12) Calls on Parties and the energy sector to make the post-construction monitoring of environmental impacts, including those on migratory species, a standard requirement for climate change mitigation and adaptation projects, especially wind power, and to ensure that such monitoring continues for the duration of plant operation;

21) Urges Parties and encourages non-Parties to include the measures contained in this Resolution in their national climate change strategies, National Biodiversity Strategies and Action Plans (NBSAPs) and other relevant policy processes, ensuring that mitigation or adaptation activities do not result in a deterioration of the conservation status of CMS-listed species.


Aquatic Species


►    The Memorandum of Understanding for the conservation of cetaceans and their habitats in the Pacific Islands Region: Whale and Dolphin Action Plan 2013-2017 includes:

Theme 9 - National, Regional and International Collaboration and Cooperation:

Objective 1 - Promote and enhance national, regional and international coordination, collaboration and partnership for whale and dolphin conservation in the Pacific Islands Region:

9.7) Ensure integration of whale and dolphin conservation into national, regional and international initiatives including: NBSAPs; National Sustainable Development Strategies; Pacific Islands Regional Oceans Policy; Action Strategy for Nature Conservation, CROP Marine Sector Working Group; RFMOs; NBSAP Working Group). CTI, Micronesian challenge, Oceanscape, Funding opportunities e.g. GEF.


Avian Species


►    The Action Plan for the conservation of southern South American migratory grassland bird species and their habitats, adopted within the Memorandum of Understanding on the Conservation of Southern South American Migratory Grassland Bird Species and their Habitats:

Objective 4 - To strengthen public policies for natural grasslands preservation:

8.1) To draft the development of the legal framework for grasslands preservation in non-protected areas.

8.2) Develop and implement grasslands planning tools.

8.3) Promoting and implementing regulations on the use of grasslands invasive alien species.

►    The Action Plan - Memorandum of Understanding on the Conservation and Management of the Middle-European Population of the Great Bustard includes:

9) Economic measures, that State authorities, political decision makers, economic sectors and associations of land users (e.g. farmers, shepherds, hunters) should cooperate with the aim of developing economic activities which are not harmful to the Great Bustard and the biodiversity on which they depend in order to increase acceptance by local communities of Great Bustard conservation measures and to compensate for any damage land users may experience as a result of such conservation measures.

►    The African-Eurasian Migratory Landbirds Action Plan (AEMLAP) includes:

Theme 1 - Agriculture:

Objective 1.1 - Intensive agriculture: Conservation and/or design of such agricultural landscapes needs to be promoted through agricultural policy and advocacy, integrating considerations of biodiversity and the requirements of migratory landbird species with the provision of ecosystem services, and measures for combating poverty, desertification and the longer-term effects of climate change whilst taking account of food, water and energy security imperatives. Consideration of where to site new intensive agricultural development zones should therefore ideally be addressed by national or regional Strategic Environmental Assessments that bring together all of these sectors.