Target 15: The science base, information, training, awareness, understanding and technologies relating to migratory species, their habitats and migration systems, their value, functioning, status and trends, and the consequences of their loss, are improved, widely shared and transferred, and effectively applied.


►    The Memorandum of Understanding for the conservation of cetaceans and their habitats in the Pacific Islands Region: Whale and Dolphin Action Plan 2013-2017 includes:

Theme 2 - Capacity Building:

Objective 1- Increase in-country expertise and capacity:

2.2) Develop training packages on common priorities (e.g. stranding, data recording, legislation, communication, etc.) based on regional priorities and convene workshops based on identified needs.

2.3) Support internship training on whales and dolphins in existing research centers.

2.5) Conduct national and/or (sub) regional training workshops on necropsy, including collection and storage of tissues, skeletal remains and analysis.

2.6) Conduct sub-regional training and verification of whale and dolphin sightings, reporting, abundance estimation techniques.

2.7) Develop database complementary to that under the Marine Turtle Action Plan.

►    The Memorandum of Understanding on the Conservation of Migratory Sharks; Conservation Plan includes:

Objective 1 - Ecological research, monitoring and data collection:

1.2) Endeavour to develop capacity in research, data collection, monitoring and facilitate training in data quality.

►    The Action Plan for the conservation of southern South American migratory grassland bird species and their habitats, adopted within the Memorandum of Understanding on the Conservation of Southern South American Migratory Grassland Bird Species and their Habitats includes:

Objective 12 - Capacity building:

12.1) Capacity building on species identification, aimed at regulatory agents.

►    The MoU concerning the conservation of the Manatee and small cetaceans of Western Africa and Macaronesia: Action Plan for the conservation of small cetaceans of Western Africa and Macaronesia (WAAM) includes:

Theme 1 – National, Regional and International Collaboration and Cooperation:

Objective 1 - Promote and enhance national, regional and international coordination and collaboration for the conservation of small cetaceans in western Africa:

1.1.1) Encourage and support western African countries to remove internal cross-sectoral barriers to effectively implement the Small Cetaceans Action Plan (SCAP) at local and national level, fully engaging all sectors of government with responsibility for the environment, fisheries, development and extraction industries.

1.1.2) Facilitate western African countries’ involvement and participation in relevant international meetings and initiatives for the conservation of small cetaceans.

1.1.3) Organise a community of western African scientists, government officials, non-governmental organisations (NGOs) and other interested parties for the exchange of news and other information in the public domain on topics related to small cetaceans in the western African region.

1.1.4) Promote cooperation and highlight achievements and experience gained in small cetacean conservation at regional and international conferences and fora.

1.1.7) Develop links with relevant regional organisations and processes (such as RFMOs, regional MEAs).

1.1.8) Develop links with relevant private sector organisations to reduce threats to small cetaceans caused by their activities.

1.1.9) Develop links with relevant non-governmental organisations.

1.1.10) Create a regional network of experts and nominate national focal points for implementation of the SCAP.

►    The  Resolution 11.26 Programme of Work on Climate Change and Migratory Species includes:

o Establish a series of regional and sub-regional or national workshops involving scientists, NGOs, national focal points for all relevant environmental conventions, policy makers and managers to exchange and discuss information.

o Establish better links between developing country needs and developed country research through CMS family instruments to promote collaboration, coordination and actions.

o Increase the capacity of natural resource managers and other decision makers and enhance their ability to address the impacts on climate change on migratory species, including through the following actions:

o Undertake an assessment of training needs on climate change and migratory species at the national level.

o Develop training on the use of existing and emerging tools for managing impacts of climate change on migratory species (GIS, statistical analysis etc.).

o Explore and build on existing training courses and work with professional societies, academia, technical experts and natural resource agency training professionals to address key needs and augment adaptation training opportunities.

o Identify and engage with key players who have experience in training opportunities for climate change, monitoring and modelling, and share that knowledge

o Develop and encourage the use of existing webinars and e-learning courses on climate change and migratory species

o Increase scientific and management capacity, including through university courses up to the PhD level, to address climate change impacts on migratory species.

o Develop a baseline curriculum for webinars and e-learning courses to build capacity on climate change and migratory species among natural resource professionals and decision makers.

►    The Resolution 10.19 Migratory Species Conservation in the Light of Climate Change includes:

16) Calls on universities and other scientific institutions to publish periodic scientific reviews on the following topics and urges Parties to support their production, as far as possible, with a view to ensuring that Parties have access to the best available scientific information on which to base decisions:

16.a) The impacts of climate change on migratory species;

16.b) The potential for conservation management to increase the resistance and resilience of animal populations to climate change; and

16.c) The impacts of anthropogenic climate change adaptation and mitigation on migratory species.