Target 10: All critical habitats and sites for migratory species are identified and included in area-based conservation measures so as to maintain their quality, integrity, resilience and functioning in accordance with the implementation of Aichi Target 11, supported where necessary by environmentally sensitive land-use planning and landscape management on a wider scale.


See separate Indicator Factsheets document.


►    The Memorandum of Understanding on the Conservation of Migratory Sharks: Conservation Plan includes:

Objective 1 - Improving understanding of migratory shark populations through research, monitoring and information exchange:

1.3) Compile relevant data, improve ecological knowledge and conduct baseline studies on…essential shark habitats; shark distributional range…[and] the seasonal and spatial migration patterns and routes of sharks.

►    The CMS Resolution 11.25 Advancing Ecological Networks to address the needs of Migratory Species includes:

16) Also urges Parties to monitor adequately ecological networks to allow early detection of any deterioration in quality of sites, rapid identification of threats and timely action to maintain network integrity, making use where appropriate of existing monitoring methods, such as the IBA Monitoring Framework developed by BirdLife International and the International Waterbird Census coordinated by Wetlands International.

►    The Memorandum of Understanding for the conservation of cetaceans and their habitats in the Pacific Islands Region: Whale And Dolphin Action Plan 2013-2017 includes:

Theme 4 - Ecosystem and Habitat Protection:


• Additional SPREP members formally designate/establish national EEZ-wide sanctuaries and other marine protected areas that protect cetaceans.

• Management Plans and strategies for all established sanctuaries/MPAs/Marine Parks developed and implemented.

• Local and national MPAs etc linked properly in terms of management and implementation.

• Critical habitat and migratory pathways are identified, mapped and protected.

►    The Memorandum of Understanding concerning the conservation of the Manatee and small cetaceans of Western Africa and Macaronesia - Action Plan for the conservation of small cetaceans of Western Africa and Macaronesia includes:

Objective 3 – Ecosystem and Habitat Protection:


• Range States designate national and transboundary small cetacean MPAs.

• Management strategies and plans developed, finalised and implemented for existing MPAs.

• Working group identifies potential areas for designation and management as specially protected areas.


►    The CMS COP Resolution 12. 11 (Manila 2017) on Flyways includes:

6. Calls on Parties to effectively implement the POW as applicable and in accordance with the circumstances of each Party and invites non-Parties and other stakeholders, with the support of the Secretariat, to strengthen national and local capacity for flyway conservation including, inter alia, by developing partnerships with key stakeholders and organizing training courses; translating and disseminating documents, sharing protocols and regulations; transferring technology; designating and improving management of critically and internationally important sites; understanding the ecological functionality of flyways through research of migratory birds and their habitats; strengthening monitoring programmes; and promoting the conservation of migratory birds and ensuring any use of migratory birds is sustainable;

10. Encourages Parties to promote the POW and the Americas Flyways Framework as global tools to contribute to achieving the Aichi Targets in relation to conservation of migratory species and their habitats and to ensure a strong level of support for its implementation by working closely with the Convention on Biological Diversity;

15. Invites Parties to implement Resolution 11.26 on climate change and continue taking action to mitigate the impacts of climate change on migratory bird species, including addressing immediate threats that might reduce adaptive potential, ensuring adequate environmental safeguards for renewable energy projects, monitoring the status of migratory birds and their habitats, developing indicators to identify the effects of climate change, promoting adaptive management, seeking new partnerships with other international bodies and considering how to assist species to adapt to climate change (e.g. through securing critical site networks)

19. Recommends that Parties enhance and strengthen monitoring of migratory bird populations and the important sites they rely upon (including surveying new sites to fill information gaps), and to increase capacity for and sustainability of such monitoring in the long term, where appropriate by institutionalizing it as an ongoing activity within government, in partnership with other organizations, including through provision of support initiatives such as the Global Waterbird Fund (established in response to the invitation of AEWA and the Ramsar Convention and managed by Wetlands International) in order to present to key stakeholders with up-to-date information on the distribution, status and trends of migratory birds and the sites and habitats that they need;


►    The Programme of Work on Migratory Birds and Flyways (2014-2023), attached as Annex I to Resolution 12.11 includes:

Theme C. -  Enhancing knowledge to support flyway conservation,

 Objectives: • Strengthen monitoring of migratory bird populations • Promote analyses of existing datasets on individual bird movements • Promote development and use of new tools and techniques to identify migration strategies

Theme E. - Monitoring and reporting
Objectives 1. Ensure implementation of POW by Parties through regular monitoring and updating of the POW 2. Enable FWG to continue providing support for review, provision of guidance and input to implementation and monitoring of POW


►    The Action Plan for the Americas Flyways 2018-2023 attached to Resolution 12.11 as Annex 3, includes:

3. ENHANCING KNOWLEDGE TO SUPPORT FLYWAY CONSERVATION 3.1. Strengthen monitoring of migratory bird populations

 3.1.1. Research & Monitoring Review current bird monitoring programmes in the Americas to improve coordination, resource allocation, filling of gaps and enhance the information base available for conservation. Standardize monitoring of waterbirds and other birds in the Americas, if appropriate. Identify flagship species for pilot analysis to study migration strategies within one or more flyways in the Americas and compare migration strategies of species between flyways to understand ecological functionality of flyways. Support research on priority species to: a) diagnose the causes of population declines; b) determine ecological requirements; c) identify major drivers of declines; d) undertake socioeconomic and ecological studies to understand how to prevent or reduce impacts on species population declines; and, e) define management prescriptions.


5.1. Monitoring of the Action Plan

 5.1.1. The Americas Flyways Task Force will facilitate implementation of the Americas Flyways Framework (AFF) and associated Action Plan, with a focus on filling gaps and enacting conservation on the ground.

5.2. Reporting on implementation of the global Programme of Work on Migratory Birds, Americas Flyways Framework and Action Plan, as facilitated by its Americas Task Force

5.2.1. Prepare a review of the implementation of this Action Plan based on national reports presented by Parties and invite reports from non-Parties and other stakeholders to COP 13.

 5.2.2. Integrate provisions of the Action Plan in National Biodiversity Strategies and Action Plans (NBSAPs).