Target 10: All critical habitats and sites for migratory species are identified and included in area-based conservation measures so as to maintain their quality, integrity, resilience and functioning in accordance with the implementation of Aichi Target 11, supported where necessary by environmentally sensitive land-use planning and landscape management on a wider scale.


►    The CMS COP Resolution 12.24 (Manila 2017) on Promoting Marine Protected Areas Networks in the ASEAN Region includes:

3. Urges Non-Parties to collaborate closely with Parties in the management of transboundary populations of CMS-listed species, including by acceding to CMS and its associated instruments, to support the development and implementation of ecological networks globally;

4. Urges also Parties, in line with Targets 10, 11 and 12 of the CBD Strategic Plan for Biodiversity 2011-2020 and the related Targets 7, 8 and 10 of the Strategic Plan for Migratory Species 2015 – 2023) to expedite efforts in increasing the number and coverage of protected areas, and addressing continued losses in biodiversity, particularly to coastal and marine ecosystems;

5. Further urges Parties and Non-Parties to collaborate with existing region-wide networks which includes the Partnerships in Environmental Management for the Seas of East Asia (PEMSEA), the Coral Triangle Initiative (CTI), the ASEAN Working Groups on National Conservation and Biodiversity (NCB), Coastal and Marine Environment (CME), Climate Change (CC) and mechanisms associated with ASEAN State Officials for Environment (ASOEN) and various other national and regional programs that promote the establishment of marine protected area networks;

6. Strongly encourages the participation of the ASEAN Member States to support government implementation of marine biodiversity conservation actions at the regional, national and local levels and scale-up the coverage and effectiveness of marine conservation areas and threatened species protection in South-east and East Asia in support of the implementation of regional strategies and plans of action that address issues relating to the governance of coasts and oceans including but not limited to the ASEAN Heritage Parks Programme, the Coral Triangle Initiative on Coral Reefs Fisheries and Food Security Regional Plan of Action (CTI-CFF RPOA) and the Sustainable Development Strategy for the Seas of East Asia (SDS-SEA).


►    The CMS COP Resolution 12.07 (Manila, 2017) on the Role of Ecological Networks in the Conservation of Migratory Species, includes:

13. Invites Non-Parties to collaborate closely with Parties in the management of transboundary populations of CMS-listed species, including by joining CMS and its associated instruments, to support the development and implementation of ecological networks globally;

16. Invites the Convention on Biological Diversity, the Ramsar Convention on Wetlands, the World Heritage Convention, the IUCN World Commission on Protected Areas (WCPA) and others to use existing ecological networks, such as the Important Bird Areas of BirdLife International, to assess and identify gaps in protected area coverage, and secure conservation and sustainable management of these networks, as appropriate;

21. Calls on Parties, other Range States, relevant organizations and individual experts in the research and conservation community to collaborate with and participate actively in the EBSA process and mobilize all available data and information related to migratory marine species, to ensure that the EBSA process has access to the best available science in relation to marine migratory species


►    The CMS Capacity Building Strategy 2015-2017 CMS National Focal Points are encouraged to seek synergies with other MEAs, in particular Ramsar which is specialized in wetlands protection and management.[VS1] [VS2]


►    The CMS COP Resolution 12. 11 (Manila, 2017) on Flyways includes:

10. Encourages Parties to promote the POW and the Americas Flyways Framework as global tools to contribute to achieving the Aichi Targets in relation to conservation of migratory species and their habitats and to ensure a strong level of support for its implementation by working closely with the Convention on Biological Diversity;

12. Requests the Secretariat, Parties and all others involved with CMS, to seek actively closer cooperation among those instruments, initiatives and partnerships, within and outside the United Nations, relating to migratory birds and the habitats upon which they depend, and as a priority to focus on and address specific threats to halt the decline in the populations of these birds;

13. Calls upon Parties and the CMS Secretariat to promote the collaborative conservation of migratory birds by working with other bodies whose prime objective is not wildlife conservation (governmental institutions, MEAs, UN institutions, Non-Governmental Organizations and other organizations, including from the private sector), to ensure that the requirements of habitats of migratory birds are integrated into land-use policies, including protected areas but also especially outside protected areas;


►    The Programme of Work on Migratory Birds and Flyways (2014-2023), attached as Annex I to Resolution 12.11 includes:

Theme F. Resourcing implementation of the POW,

Objectives: 1. Ensure adequate and timely resources to implement the POW 2. Ensure adequate expertise and partnerships to implement the POW


►    The Action Plan for the Americas Flyways 2018-2023 attached to Resolution 12.11 as Annex 3, includes:

6. RESOURCING IMPLEMENTATION 6.2. Networks and partnerships

6.2.1. Strengthen linkages and working relationships with institutions, organizations and experts to implement joint research and conservation initiatives, including through supporting efforts to build their capacities to deliver (e.g., strong working relationship with Conservation of Arctic Flora and Fauna Working Group (CAFF) to secure synergies with the Arctic Migratory Bird Initiative (AMBI) and its Action Plan). [S/1]


►    The CMS COP Resolution 12.13 (Manila, 2017) Important Marine Mammal Areas (IMMAs) includes:

4. Invites Parties, Range States, intergovernmental organizations and partners to request the support of the IUCN Joint SSC/WCPA Marine Mammal Protected Areas Task Force to advance these approaches; and

5. Also invites the Convention on Biological Diversity, the International Maritime Organization and the International Union for the Conservation of Nature to consider IMMAs as useful contributions for the determination of Ecologically or Biologically Significant Areas (EBSAs), Particularly Sensitive Sea Areas (PSSA), Key Biodiversity Areas (KBAs)