Numbers of Giraffes have plunged by almost 40 per cent over the past 30 years, according to IUCN © John Birch
Manila, 24 October 2017 - The giraffe may be given international protection under the Convention on Migratory Species (CMS), which meets next week in Manila, the Philippines.
Reaching up to six metres tall, Africa’s graceful giants are the world’s tallest animals and once roamed throughout the continent’s savannah regions in large herds.
Today, giraffe live under threat in fragmented populations across sub-Saharan Africa. According to the International Union for Conservation of Nature (IUCN), numbers have plunged by almost 40 per cent over the past 30 years. There now are less than 100,000 animals left throughout the continent, with notable declines in East and Central Africa. Wild giraffe are now extinct in at least seven countries: Burkina Faso, Eritrea, Guinea, Mali, Mauritania, Nigeria and Senegal. However, as a positive, populations are increasing in Southern and West Africa.
Dr Julian Fennessy, Co-Chair, IUCN SSC Giraffe & Okapi Specialist Group says that historically, giraffe have been among the least studied of Africa’s large mammals.
Experts say the drop in numbers is the result of human encroachment with a resulting loss of habitat and food supply. Increasing development and associated infrastructure such as bridges, roads and fences are impacting on their migratory paths and in some countries, poaching is a problem, particularly in East and Central Africa. Drought and climate change – as well as armed conflict, are also contributing to their demise.
While protected across most of its range, the giraffe would benefit from protection under CMS – the first international body to do so. CMS is uniquely placed to facilitate increased collaboration across conservation range States and a listing on Appendix II would improve awareness and management of their plight internationally.
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Last updated on 24 October 2017