Dolphin eviscerated (Peru) @ Stefan Austermühle/Mundo Azul; Plucked warblers, found in a restaurant near Paralimni, Cyprus @ Committee Against Bird Slaughter (CABS)
Bonn, 8 December 2022 - The Secretariat of the Convention on the Conservation of Migratory Species of Wild Animals (CMS) is welcoming Expressions of Interest (EOI) from organizations or individuals to develop reports on the use of aquatic and avian wild meat of CMS-listed species of animals.
Around the world, and particularly in the tropics and subtropics, wild animals are captured or taken opportunistically, and their meat, body parts, and/or nests and eggs are consumed for local subsistence or used for traditional purposes. Such consumption is widespread, in some places has been sustained for millennia, and can be an important source of nutrition, income, and cultural identity to communities. However, economic opportunities to exploit wildlife at higher levels have led to unsustainable exploitation of some animal species.
Research and policy to date have focused mostly on terrestrial wild meat (or ‘bushmeat’). Since 2016, CMS has also been giving increasing attention to the use of aquatic species as wild meat (also called ‘marine / aquatic bushmeat’; see CMS Resolution 12.15 and this Meeting Document on Aquatic Bushmeat). CMS is the first global multilateral environmental agreement to include a dedicated work stream on this topic, including the establishment of an expert working group. There is emerging evidence of a conservation problem on a scale similar to that documented for terrestrial wild meat affecting aquatic wildlife species, including cetaceans, sirenians, turtles, crocodiles, protected fish species, and even seabirds.
Relevant meeting documents outlining the issue and exploring specific aspects include The Harvest of CMS Appendix I listed Sharks and Rays as Aquatic Wild Meat and Determining the Extent of Interplay between Bycatch and Aquatic Wildmeat Harvests. A recent paper produced by several members of the CMS Aquatic Wild Meat Working Group titled ‘Widespread Use of Migratory Megafauna for Aquatic Wild Meat in the Tropics and Subtropics‘ provides further insights into the topic.
A Meeting Document titled ‘Addressing Unsustainable Use of Terrestrial and Avian Wild Meat‘ was published by the CMS Secretariat in 2017, highlighting increasing concern among decision makers, conservationists, and human development agencies about increasing consumption and unregulated trade of wild meat. This document outlined main issues regarding wild meat use and contained draft decisions that were later formalised as CMS Decision 13.109 on Addressing Unsustainable Use of Terrestrial and Avian Wild Meat of Migratory Species of Wild Animals.
CMS Decision 13.109 requests the Secretariat to prepare an analysis on the direct and indirect impacts of wild meat taking, trade and consumption of terrestrial and avian species listed on CMS Appendices I and II. In response, in 2021, CMS published a report titled ‘Impacts of Taking, Trade and Consumption of Terrestrial Migratory Species for Wild Meat’, summarising the status of knowledge on the impacts of wild meat taking, trade and consumption of terrestrial animal species protected under CMS.
Aims of the contract
To develop reports on the use of aquatic and avian wild meat of CMS-listed species of animals. The objective is to advance the status of knowledge of the impacts of wild meat taking, trade and consumption of aquatic and avian species of animals that are included in CMS Appendices I and/or II, in close consultation with the CMS Secretariat and, where appropriate, the Chair of the CMS Aquatic Wild Meat Working Group.
Aquatic and avian species will be dealt with in separate reports (approx. 30-50 pages) that should aim to be as compatible as feasible with the existing report on terrestrial species, to allow the development of a joint synthesis document (in a later, separate procedure). Issues related to seabirds will be dealt with in the report addressing avian wild meat, but a cross-link will be included in the report on aquatic species.
Specific tasks and responsibilities for this tender(s) are available in dedicated Terms of Reference and are annexed to this Expression of Interest (EOI)
EOIs can be submitted for either a) Aquatic Wild Meat or b) Avian Wild Meat or c) both Aquatic and Avian Wild meat. Please specify which report you are proposing to develop.
EOIs should be brief (2-4 pages) and should include the following information: a) brief technical proposal, b) brief description of team involved, c) timeline, including availability for the start of the contract, and d) budget. Short (1-2 pages) CVs of lead researchers may be included as an Annex to the EOIs.
Please send your EOI to the CMS Secretariat by email: [email protected] by 31 January 2023, 23:59 CET.
Expected Duration of Contract
A preliminary report should be available no later than 1 September 2023; this preliminary report might support a side-event organized by the CMS Secretariat at the 14th Meeting of the Conference of the Parties to CMS (CMS COP14, October 2023).
The delivery of all final products (as specified in the Terms of Reference) is expected no later than December 2023.
Required Profile and Qualifications
The CMS Secretariat welcomes EOIs from organizations or individuals with substantive proven experience and capacity to provide the required output as described above. In particular, the organization or individual should:
EOIs applying for delivering both Aquatic and Avian Wild Meat reports should not exceed a total budget of 65,000 USD.
EOIs applying for either Aquatic or Wild Meat reports should not exceed a total of 32,500 USD.
The CMS Secretariat retains the liberty to adjust the amounts according to our needs.
Last updated on 09 December 2022