CMS

As an environmental treaty under the aegis of the United Nations Environment Programme, CMS provides a global platform for the conservation and sustainable use of migratory animals and their habitats. CMS brings together the States through which migratory animals pass, the Range States, and lays the legal foundation for internationally coordinated conservation measures throughout a migratory range.

As the only global convention specializing in the conservation of migratory species, their habitats and migration routes, CMS complements and co-operates with a number of other international organizations, NGOs and partners in the media as well as in the corporate sector.

Migratory species threatened with extinction are listed on Appendix I of the Convention. CMS Parties strive towards strictly protecting these animals, conserving or restoring the places where they live, mitigating obstacles to migration and controlling other factors that might endanger them. Besides establishing obligations for each State joining the Convention, CMS promotes concerted action among the Range States of many of these species.

Migratory species that need or would significantly benefit from international co-operation are listed in Appendix II of the Convention. For this reason, the Convention encourages the Range States to conclude global or regional agreements.

In this respect, CMS acts as a framework Convention. The agreements may range from legally binding treaties (called Agreements) to less formal instruments, such as Memoranda of Understanding, and can be adapted to the requirements of particular regions. The development of models tailored according to the conservation needs throughout the migratory range is a unique capacity to CMS.

Access the text of the Convention on Migratory Species and the Appendices.

Countries

Titlesort descending Status Status date CMS Party number Region
India Party 1983 1 Asia
Indonesia Non-Party AM Oceania
Iran Party 2008 106 Asia
Iraq Party 2016 124 Asia
Ireland Party 1983 1 Europe
Israel Party 1983 1 Europe
Italy Party 1983 1 Europe
Jamaica Non-Party Sig South & Central America & The Caribbean
Japan Non-Party Asia
Jordan Party 2001 72 Asia
Kazakhstan Party 2006 97 Asia
Kenya Party 1999 58 Africa
Kiribati Non-Party Oceania
Kuwait Non-Party Asia
Kyrgyzstan Party 2014 120 Asia
Lao People's Democratic Republic Non-Party Asia
Latvia Party 1999 60 Europe
Lebanon Non-Party AM Asia
Lesotho Non-Party Africa
Liberia Party 2004 88 Africa
Instrument nameConvention on the Conservation of Migratory Species of Wild Animals
LanguagesEnglish
French
Spanish
DepositaryGermany
Website URLhttp://www.cms.int/
OtherSummary of the application of CMS to Overseas Territories/Autonomous Regions of Parties and of reservations regarding species in the CMS Appendices
AttachmentSize
PDF icon Convention text (English)29.28 KB
PDF icon Texte de la Convention (français)32.24 KB
PDF icon Texto de la Convención (español)36.45 KB
PDF icon ConventionText (Arabic) نص الاتفاقية422.25 KB
PDF icon Convention Text (Chinese) 公约文本746.12 KB
PDF icon Convention Text (Russian) текст Конвенции337.12 KB
PDF icon Application of CMS to Overseas Territories/Autonomous Regions of Parties & of reservations on species in the CMS Appendices143.53 KB

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