CMS

As an environmental treaty under the aegis of the United Nations Environment Programme, CMS provides a global platform for the conservation and sustainable use of migratory animals and their habitats. CMS brings together the States through which migratory animals pass, the Range States, and lays the legal foundation for internationally coordinated conservation measures throughout a migratory range.

As the only global convention specializing in the conservation of migratory species, their habitats and migration routes, CMS complements and co-operates with a number of other international organizations, NGOs and partners in the media as well as in the corporate sector.

Migratory species threatened with extinction are listed on Appendix I of the Convention. CMS Parties strive towards strictly protecting these animals, conserving or restoring the places where they live, mitigating obstacles to migration and controlling other factors that might endanger them. Besides establishing obligations for each State joining the Convention, CMS promotes concerted action among the Range States of many of these species.

Migratory species that need or would significantly benefit from international co-operation are listed in Appendix II of the Convention. For this reason, the Convention encourages the Range States to conclude global or regional agreements.

In this respect, CMS acts as a framework Convention. The agreements may range from legally binding treaties (called Agreements) to less formal instruments, such as Memoranda of Understanding, and can be adapted to the requirements of particular regions. The development of models tailored according to the conservation needs throughout the migratory range is a unique capacity to CMS.

Access the text of the Convention on Migratory Species and the Appendices.

Countries

Title Status Status date CMS Party number Region
Poland Party 1996 049 Europe
Portugal Party 1983 001 Europe
Qatar Non-Party Asia
Republic of Korea Non-Party Asia
Republic of Moldova Party 2001 073 Europe
Romania Party 1998 053 Europe
Russian Federation Non-Party AM Europe
Rwanda Party 2005 090 Africa
Saint Kitts and Nevis Non-Party South & Central America & The Caribbean
Saint Lucia Non-Party South & Central America & The Caribbean
Saint Vincent and the Grenadines Non-Party South & Central America & The Caribbean
Samoa Party 2005 093 Oceania
San Marino Non-Party AM Europe
São Tomé and Príncipe Party 2001 078 Africa
Saudi Arabia Party 1991 036 Asia
Senegal Party 1988 027 Africa
Serbia Party 2008 108 Europe
Seychelles Party 2005 092 Africa
Sierra Leone Non-Party AM Africa
Singapore Non-Party Asia
Instrument nameConvention on the Conservation of Migratory Species of Wild Animals
LanguagesEnglish
French
Spanish
DepositaryGermany
Website URLhttp://www.cms.int/
OtherSummary of the application of CMS to Overseas Territories/Autonomous Regions of Parties and of reservations regarding species in the CMS Appendices
AttachmentSize
PDF icon Convention text (English)29.28 KB
PDF icon Texte de la Convention (français)32.24 KB
PDF icon Texto de la Convención (español)36.45 KB
PDF icon ConventionText (Arabic) نص الاتفاقية422.25 KB
PDF icon Convention Text (Chinese) 公约文本746.12 KB
PDF icon Convention Text (Russian) текст Конвенции337.12 KB
PDF icon Application of CMS to Overseas Territories/Autonomous Regions of Parties & of reservations on species in the CMS Appendices143.53 KB

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