There are approximately 1100 species of bats, representing
approximately twenty-five percent of all mammalian
species on Earth. Having nearly no natural enemies,
bats are amongst the animals that have suffered the
most from increased agricultural and forest exploitation,
as well as the degradation of the countryside. Many
of their traditional roost sites have been lost and
their habitats and feeding areas have been reduced.
These changes have been compounded by the public’s
prejudices against them.
Following a resolution adopted by the first CMS Conference
of the Parties to develop an Agreement to protect
all European bats, EUROBATS was concluded under CMS
auspices in December 1991 in London, United Kingdom.
The Secretariat is located in Bonn, Germany. It entered
into force on 16 January 1994. From the very beginning
the Parties to CMS saw EUROBATS as a prototype for
similar Agreements addressing endangered bat species
on other continents.
The EUROBATS Agreement area covers 63 Range States
and territories in Europe, North Africa and the Middle
East (plus the European Union). The geographic area
stretches from Northern Scandinavia to the Mediterranean
Sea, and from the Atlantic Ocean to the Ural Mountains.
An up to date list of the Agreement’s Parties
is found in its Agreement Summary Sheet.
EUROBATS applies to all European populations of 45
bat species - whether migratory or not - occurring
in Europe and non-European Range States. The aim of
EUROBATS is to conserve these bats through legislation,
education, conservation measures and international
co-operation amongst Agreement Parties and with those
countries that have not yet joined.
EUROBATS sets up legal protection standards, while
developing and promoting transboundary conservation
and management strategies, research and public awareness
across the Agreement area. It also assists in finding
financial support for mainly cross-border oriented
EUROBATS has developed a wide-ranging Conservation
and Management Plan, which is the key instrument for
the Agreement’s implementation. It addresses
issues such as legal requirements, population survey
and monitoring, roosts, foraging habitats, the use
of pesticides and the promotion of public and professional
The European Bat Night – Awareness
Raising for Bats
The European Bat Night is held simultaneously in
several countries all over Europe at the end of August
of each year. It aims to provide facts to the public
about the life of bats, to highlight reasons why bats
are endangered species and to present possible conservation
strategies. The public, media, scientific institutions,
NGOs and governmental authorities have been tremendously
enthusiastic about the event.
UNEP/EUROBATS Secretariat, Hermann-Ehlers-Strasse
10, 53113 Bonn, Germany
Tel.: +49-228-815 2421 Fax: +49-228-815 2445
E-mail: email@example.com website: http://www.eurobats.org