As an environmental treaty under the aegis of the United Nations Environment Programme, CMS provides a global platform for the conservation and sustainable use of migratory animals and their habitats. CMS brings together the States through which migratory animals pass, the Range States, and lays the legal foundation for internationally coordinated conservation measures throughout a migratory range.

As the only global convention specializing in the conservation of migratory species, their habitats and migration routes, CMS complements and co-operates with a number of other international organizations, NGOs and partners in the media as well as in the corporate sector.

Migratory species threatened with extinction are listed on Appendix I of the Convention. CMS Parties strive towards strictly protecting these animals, conserving or restoring the places where they live, mitigating obstacles to migration and controlling other factors that might endanger them. Besides establishing obligations for each State joining the Convention, CMS promotes concerted action among the Range States of many of these species.

Migratory species that need or would significantly benefit from international co-operation are listed in Appendix II of the Convention. For this reason, the Convention encourages the Range States to conclude global or regional agreements.

In this respect, CMS acts as a framework Convention. The agreements may range from legally binding treaties (called Agreements) to less formal instruments, such as Memoranda of Understanding, and can be adapted to the requirements of particular regions. The development of models tailored according to the conservation needs throughout the migratory range is a unique capacity to CMS.


Titlesort descending Status Status date Party number Region
Fiji Party 2013 119 Oceania
Finland Party 1989 28 Europe
Finland Party 1989 28 Europe
France Party 1990 32 Europe
Gabon Party 2008 109 Africa
Gambia Party 2001 75 Africa
Georgia Party 2000 67 Europe
Germany Party 1984 16 Europe
Ghana Party 1988 26 Africa
Greece Party 1999 62 Europe
Greenland (Denmark) Range state North America
Grenada Range state South & Central America & The Caribbean
Guatemala Range state South & Central America & The Caribbean
Guinea Party 1993 41 Africa
Guinea-Bissau Party 1995 47 Africa
Guyana Range state South & Central America & The Caribbean
Haiti Range state South & Central America & The Caribbean
Honduras Party 2007 102 South & Central America & The Caribbean
Hong Kong (China) Range state Asia
Hungary Party 1983 1 Europe
Instrument nameConvention on the Conservation of Migratory Species of Wild Animals
Website URL
Convention Text69.54 KB
Appendices I & II57.31 KB
Texte de la convention130.68 KB
Annexes I et II60.42 KB
Texto de la Convención131.17 KB
Apéndices I y II60.21 KB
نص الاتفاقية422.25 KB
Appendices I & II - Arabic132.79 KB
公约文本746.12 KB
Appendices I & II - Chinese258.5 KB
текст Конвенции337.12 KB
Appendices I & II - Russian116.27 KB

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