The first dedicated agreement for conserving gorillas and their habitats across all ten range states entered into force in 2008. The Gorilla Agreement provides governments, NGOs, scientists, local people and the international community at large with a legally-binding framework to maintain and restore gorilla populations and habitats. CMS works closely with the UNEP Great Apes Survival Partnership (GRASP) and also benefits from other partnerships, including CITES and the Primate Specialist Group of the IUCN Species Survival Commission (SSC).
Many gorilla populations are transboundary and much of the success of conservation efforts depends on international cooperation. With these needs in mind the Gorilla Agreement was developed under CMS and was first available for signature in Paris in 2007.
Gorillas are the largest of the great apes and play a vital ecological role in the forests of Central Africa. Despite their considerable economic, cultural and aesthetic value to many people worldwide, the future of gorillas is far from secure. The primary threats are habitat degradation and loss due to mining, logging and agriculture, as well as poaching and diseases, most notably Ebola. These factors are further exacerbated by conflict and poor governance in many of the remaining gorilla strongholds.
There are two species of gorillas recognized by CMS, divided geographically by more than 1000km: the Western and Eastern Gorilla, each with two subspecies. The four subspecies vary considerably in terms of threats and conservation needs, therefore individual Action Plans have been adopted under the Gorilla Agreement for each subspecies. As new Action Plans become available from the international scientific community, such as IUCN/SSC primate Specialist Group, they will be adopted by the Agreement.
Key objectives of the Action Plans include:
Activities under the Gorilla Agreement are being implemented by range states and other stakeholders, including a wide range of NGOs and experts.
|Title||Status||Status date||Party number||Region|
|Central African Republic||Party||Sig|
|Democratic Republic of the Congo (Kinshasa)||Party||34||Africa|
|Equatorial Guinea||Signed but not ratified||114|
|Uganda||Signed but not ratified||68||Africa|