Bonn, 21 July 2008. With effect from 1 October 2008, the
Republic of Estonia will become CMS’s 110th Party
in total and the 40th from the European region.
Estonia is situated in North Eastern Europe, bordering
both Latvia and the Russian Federation and having a coastline
on the Baltic Sea and Gulf of Finland. It occupies an
area of 45,226 sq km, which includes just over 2,000 sq
km of inland water and over 1500 islands in the Baltic
The climate is categorised as maritime and wet with moderate
winters and cool summers and the topography is dominated
by marshy lowlands with the country being largely flat
in the North and hillier in the South. The highest point
is Suur Munamagi at 318 m above sea level.
Estonia is a range state for a number of Annex I species
including the Baltic Sturgeon (Acipenser sturio), the
Lesser White-fronted Goose (Anser erythropus), the Greater
Spotted Eagle (Aquila clanga), the Ferruginous Duck (Aythya
nyroca), the Red-breasted Goose (Branta ruficollis), the
White-tailed Eagle (Haliaeetus albicilla) and Steller’s
Eider (Polysticta stelleri).
Estonia is already a Party to the Agreement on the Conservation
of Populations of European Bats (Eurobats).