is the 87th Party to accede to CMS as from 1 November 2004.
It occupies a very strategic geographic location at the
Horn of Africa, bordering the Gulf of Aden and the Red Sea.
Djibouti lies on the eastern coast of Central Africa. Its
neighbouring countries are Eritrea to the north, Ethiopia
to the west and southwest and Somalia to the southeast.
The coastline of Djibouti is over 300 km long and borders
on the Gulf of Aden as well as on the Red Sea. The overall
climate is very dry, as is the land, which is largely of
volcanic origin and desert.
Djibouti hosts a number of migratory birds. Over 80 species
are covered by CMS Appendices such as the Black Stork (Ciconia
nigra), White Stork (Ciconia ciconia), Little
Stint (Calidris minuta), Kittlitz's Plover (Charadrius
pecuarius), Common Crane (Grus grus), Lesser
Crested Tern (Sterna bengalensis), Great Crested
Tern (Sterna bergii), Greater Flamingo (Phoenicopterus
ruber), Lesser Flamingo (Phoenicopterus minor),
Great White Pelican (Pelecanus onocrotalus), Pied
Avocet (Recurvirostra avosetta), Spur-winged Plover
(Vanellus spinosus). Among the migratory waterbirds
both the Ferruginous Duck (Aythya nyroca) and the
Lesser Kestrel (Falco naumanni) are species designated
for concerted actions under CMS. Djibouti became the 45th
Contracting Party to the African-Eurasian Waterbird Agreement
in May 2004.
Djibouti is also a Range State to five species of marine
turtles, the Leatherback Turtle (Dermochelys coriacea),
the Green Turtle (Chelonia mydas), the Olive Ridley
Turtle (Lepidochelys olivacea) and the Hawksbill
Turtle (Eretmochelys imbricata) and the Loggerhead
Turtle (Caretta caretta), which are covered by
the IOSEA Marine Turtle MoU for the Indian Ocean and South-East
Asia. The Humpback Whale (Megaptera novaeangliae)
and the Blue Whale (Balaenoptera musculus) are
among the great whales listed on Appendix I. Another marine
species of special interest to CMS that occurs in Djibouti
waters is the Dugong (Dugong dugon). At the Seventh
Meeting of the Conference of Parties (COP7) a recommendation
was made to develop a Memorandum of Understanding for the
Djibouti has already ratified several environment related
Conventions such as the Convention on Biological Diversity
(CBD), the United Nations Convention to Combat Desertification
(UNCCD), the United Nations Framework Convention on Climate
Change (UNFCCC) with the Climate Change-Kyoto Protocol and
the Convention on International Trade in endangered species
of Wild Fauna and Flora (CITES).