the end of the year Liberia accedes to the Convention as
of 1 December. This West African state facing the Atlantic
Ocean is bordered on the northwest by Sierra Leone, on the
north by Guinea, and on the east by Côte d'Ivoire.
Lagoons, mangrove swamps, and river-deposited sandbars mark
the coastline of almost 600 km while grassy plateau prevail
in the inland. The tropical climate is hot, humid; winters
are dry; wet summers bring frequent heavy showers
As Liberia borders the Atlantic Ocean it hosts a number
of marine mammals that are relevant to CMS. The Blue Whale
(Balaenoptera musculus), the Humpback Whale (Megaptera
novaeangliae) and the Sperm Whale (Physeter macrocephalus)
are three large whale species listed on Appendix I. The
rarely spotted Atlantic humpback dolphin (Sousa teuszii)
is the only small cetacean endemic to (sub)tropical eastern
Atlantic inshore waters off West Africa. CMS has supported
1-3 Studies on the coastal range of this species.
The West African Manatee (Trichechus senegalensis),
which was included in Appendix II during COP7, is covered
by the relevant UNEP’s Regional Sea Programme as part
of the Marine Mammal Action Plan.
Five species of marine turtles migrate across Liberia’s
waters, the Leatherback Turtle (Dermochelys coriacea),
the Green Turtle (Chelonia mydas), the Olive Ridley
Turtle (Lepidochelys olivacea), the Hawksbill Turtle
(Eretmochelys imbricata) and the Loggerhead Turtle
(Caretta caretta), which are covered by the MoU
conserving conservation measures for Marine Turtles of the
The Great White Shark (Carcharodon carcharias),
which has been listed in both Appendices during the last
Conference of the Parties in 2002, also occurs in Liberian
waters. Another key marine species listed on Appendix II
is the Whale Shark (Rhincodon typus). CMS is seeking
partners to design a conservation strategy and enhance research
activities to the benefit of the world’s largest fish.
Besides various migratory birds such as storks and terns
Liberia is a Range State to the biggest terrestrial mammal:
the African Elephant (Loxodonta africana).
Liberia has already ratified several environment related
Conventions such as the Convention
on Biological Diversity (CBD),
Nations Convention to Combat Desertification (UNCCD),
Nations Framework Convention on Climate Change (UNFCCC)
with the Climate Change-Kyoto Protocol and the Convention
on International Trade in endangered species of Wild Fauna
and Flora (CITES).