The Agreement on the Conservation of Gorillas and Their Habitats, also known as the Gorilla Agreement, is a Multilateral Environmental Agreement covering all ten gorilla Range States.
Many gorilla populations are transboundary, and therefore much of the success of conservation efforts depends on transnational cooperation and coordination. With these needs in mind, the Gorilla Agreement was developed under the auspices of CMS and has been in force since the First Meeting of Parties in Rome, Italy in November 2008.
The Gorilla Agreement provides governments, IGOs, NGOs, scientists, local people and the international community at large with a legally-binding framework to maintain and restore gorilla populations and their habitats. The Agreement is administered by the CMS Secretariat on an interim basis. The Secretariat works closely with the UNEP Great Apes Survival Partnership (GRASP) and also benefits from partnerships with other organizations, including CITES and the Primate Specialist Group of the IUCN Species Survival Commission (SSC).
Both species of gorilla, the Western and Eastern Gorilla, are listed under CMS, each with two subspecies:
· The Western Lowland gorilla, Gorilla gorilla gorilla
· Cross River gorilla, Gorilla gorilla diehli
· Eastern Lowland gorilla, Gorilla beringei graueri
· Mountain gorilla, Gorilla beringei beringei
The Agreement area covers all ten Range States (Angola, Cameroon, Central African Republic, Congo, Democratic Republic of Congo, Equatorial Guinea, Gabon, Nigeria, Rwanda and Uganda). Currently, seven countries have become a Contracting Party to the Agreement. The Gorilla Agreement allows for coordinated and concerted action to be taken by the Range States throughout the transboundary range of the four gorilla subspecies.
The Agreement has two main bodies: the Meeting of the Parties (MOP), the decision-making body, and the Technical Committee (TC), responsible for providing advice to the decision-making body and the Secretariat on scientific matters and priorities for research and conservation. The UNEP/CMS Secretariat supports the Parties and services the bodies of the Agreement on an interim basis.
The core activities carried out under the Gorilla Agreement are described in its Action Plans, which are legally binding for all countries that have signed the Agreement.
The four gorilla subspecies vary considerably in terms of threats and conservation needs, therefore individual Action Plans are available under the Gorilla Agreement for each of them. As new Action Plans become available from the international scientific community, such as IUCN/SSC Primate Specialist Group, they will be tabled for adoption by the Parties to theAgreement.
Key objectives of the Action Plans include:
Where Parties require assistance to put into place national legislation to implement the Gorilla Agreement and to integrate activities into National Biodiversity Strategies and Action Plans, the interim Secretariat stands ready to assist.
|Title||Status||Status date||CMS Party number||Region|
|Central African Republic||Party||Sig|
|Democratic Republic of the Congo (Kinshasa)||Party||34||Africa|
|Equatorial Guinea||Signed but not ratified||114||Africa|