The CMS Saiga MOU is the only international instrument for the conservation of the Saiga antelope. This migratory species of the steppes and deserts of Central Asia and Russia is Critically Endangered, primarily due to poaching for the species horn and meat.
The MOU is a legally non-binding international instrument, which has been in force since 2006 and is signed by all five Range States. The MOU aims to achieve and maintain a favourable conservation status for saigas based on the best available scientific information and taking into account the socio-economic value of saigas for the people in various countries.
The MOU, together with the associated Medium Term International Work Programme (MTIWP), provides a road map to guide the implementation of conservation action for the saiga antelope, including sustainable use and trade. The long-term vision of the Medium Term International Work Programme under the MOU is to restore saiga populations to the point that sustainable use can again be envisioned. The overall goal is for saiga populations to show an increasing trend or that their decline is halted.
Activities under the MTIWP focus on the following objectives: