The conservation status of all migratory species, especially threatened species, has considerably improved throughout their range.
Note: Actions towards this SPMS target may also contribute to SPMS target 11.
This target expects a change (“considerable improvement”) in ecological outcomes, and it is not concerned with the reasons for this change. It can therefore be measured simply and directly by monitoring the status of species.
An improvement in part of the range of a species is not sufficient to satisfy the target, since it expects the improvement to be “throughout their range”. A small improvement is also not sufficient, since it must be “considerable”, although this term has not been defined and is open to interpretation.
In a CMS context, improvement in conservation status should mean moving closer to the state of “favourable conservation status” as defined by the Convention; which involves parameters concerning population dynamics, range, habitat sufficiency, distribution and abundance.
Another cruder but simpler measure used in some other contexts is based instead on categorical shifts between the IUCN “Red List” population-based extinction risk categories (“extinct in the wild”, “critically endangered”, “endangered”, “vulnerable”, “near threatened” and “least concern”).
Target 8 expects the “considerable improvement” result to be visible for all migratory species. Full measurement of this may not be very practical to achieve, since not every migratory species is monitored in a way that would give a basis for the judgement, and also some species are in such a favourable status at the outset that “considerable improvement” for them is not necessary or possible. The target’s emphasis on “especially threatened species” therefore indicates a way of focusing on the most important priorities.
A - Outreach, promotion and uptake of the Plan
- CMS Communication Strategy (under development)
- Sharks MoU
B - The delivery framework
- Resolution 11.26 Programme of Work on Climate Change and Migratory Species
- Resolution 10.19 Migratory Species Conservation in the Light of Climate Change
- ASCOBANS Conservation Plan for Harbour Porpoises (Phocoena phocoena L.) in the North Sea
- ASCOBANS Conservation Plan for the Harbour Porpoise population in the Western Baltic, the Belt Sea and the Kattegat
- MoU concerning the conservation of the Manatee and small cetaceans of Western Africa and Macaronesia: Action Plan for the conservation of small cetaceans of Western Africa and Macaronesia
- Conservation and Management Plan of the Memorandum of Understanding on the Conservation and Management of Marine Turtles and their Habitats of the Indian Ocean and South-East Asia
- Memorandum of Understanding on the Conservation and Management of Dugongs (Dugon dugong) and their Habitats throughout their Range
- CMS COP Resolution 10.27 (2011) on Improving the conservation of migratory landbirds in the African-Eurasian region
- International Single Species Action Plan for the Black-faced Spoonbill
- Resolution 11.13 Concerted and Cooperative Actions
C - Key partnerships and other supporting delivery frameworks
D - Capacity development
E - Resourcing for biodiversity (including human, technical and financial resources)
F - Monitoring and evaluation, including indicators, milestones and feedback to the sub-targets, as well as headline measures of success by which overall success of the SPMS may be judged
G - Reporting on and review of progress at national level and by governing bodies such as the CMS COP
- II. Appendix I species
- X. Implementation of COP Resolutions and Recommendations
- Migratory Species and Highly Pathogenic Avian Influenza (8.27/10.22)
- Southern Hemisphere Albatross Conservation (6.3)
- Antarctic Minke, Bryde’s and Pygmy Right Whales (7.15)
- Concerted Actions for Appendix I Species (8.29)
- Concerted and Cooperative Actions (9.1/10.23)
- Migratory Marine Species (9.9/10.15)
- Saker Falcon (9.20/10.28)
- Global Flyway Conservation (10.10)
- Migratory Freshwater Fish (10.12)
- Contribution of CMS in Achieving the 2010 Biodiversity Target (8.7)
- Recommendation 8.17 - Marine Turtles
- Recommendation 9.1 - Central Eurasian Aridland Mammals
- Recommendation 9.2 - Sahelo-Saharan Megafauna
- Recommendation 9.3 - Tigers and other Asian Big Cats
- Recommendation 9.5 - Cooperative Action for the Elephant (Loxodonta africana) in Central Africa