CMS

As an environmental treaty under the aegis of the United Nations Environment Programme, CMS provides a global platform for the conservation and sustainable use of migratory animals and their habitats. CMS brings together the States through which migratory animals pass, the Range States, and lays the legal foundation for internationally coordinated conservation measures throughout a migratory range.

As the only global convention specializing in the conservation of migratory species, their habitats and migration routes, CMS complements and co-operates with a number of other international organizations, NGOs and partners in the media as well as in the corporate sector.

Migratory species threatened with extinction are listed on Appendix I of the Convention. CMS Parties strive towards strictly protecting these animals, conserving or restoring the places where they live, mitigating obstacles to migration and controlling other factors that might endanger them. Besides establishing obligations for each State joining the Convention, CMS promotes concerted action among the Range States of many of these species.

Migratory species that need or would significantly benefit from international co-operation are listed in Appendix II of the Convention. For this reason, the Convention encourages the Range States to conclude global or regional agreements.

In this respect, CMS acts as a framework Convention. The agreements may range from legally binding treaties (called Agreements) to less formal instruments, such as Memoranda of Understanding, and can be adapted to the requirements of particular regions. The development of models tailored according to the conservation needs throughout the migratory range is a unique capacity to CMS.

The text of the Convention can be found here and the Appendices here.

Countries

Titlesort descending Status Status date CMS Party number Region
Finland Party 1989 28 Europe
France Party 1990 32 Europe
Gabon Party 2008 109 Africa
Gambia Party 2001 75 Africa
Georgia Party 2000 67 Europe
Germany Party 1984 16 Europe
Ghana Party 1988 26 Africa
Greece Party 1999 62 Europe
Grenada Non-Party South & Central America & The Caribbean
Guatemala Non-Party South & Central America & The Caribbean
Guinea Party 1993 41 Africa
Guinea-Bissau Party 1995 47 Africa
Guyana Non-Party South & Central America & The Caribbean
Haiti Non-Party South & Central America & The Caribbean
Honduras Party 2007 102 South & Central America & The Caribbean
Hungary Party 1983 1 Europe
Iceland Non-Party Europe
India Party 1983 1 Asia
Indonesia Non-Party AM Oceania
Iran Party 2008 106 Asia
Instrument nameConvention on the Conservation of Migratory Species of Wild Animals
LanguagesEnglish
French
Spanish
DepositaryGermany
Website URLhttp://www.cms.int/
OtherSummary of the application of CMS to Overseas Territories/Autonomous Regions of Parties and of reservations regarding species in the CMS Appendices
AttachmentSize
Convention text (English)29.28 KB
Texte de la Convention (français)32.24 KB
Texto de la Convención (español)36.45 KB
ConventionText (Arabic) نص الاتفاقية422.25 KB
Convention Text (Chinese) 公约文本746.12 KB
Convention Text (Russian) текст Конвенции337.12 KB
Application of CMS to Overseas Territories/Autonomous Regions of Parties & of reservations on species in the CMS Appendices143.53 KB

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