CMS

As an environmental treaty under the aegis of the United Nations Environment Programme, CMS provides a global platform for the conservation and sustainable use of migratory animals and their habitats. CMS brings together the States through which migratory animals pass, the Range States, and lays the legal foundation for internationally coordinated conservation measures throughout a migratory range.

As the only global convention specializing in the conservation of migratory species, their habitats and migration routes, CMS complements and co-operates with a number of other international organizations, NGOs and partners in the media as well as in the corporate sector.

Migratory species threatened with extinction are listed on Appendix I of the Convention. CMS Parties strive towards strictly protecting these animals, conserving or restoring the places where they live, mitigating obstacles to migration and controlling other factors that might endanger them. Besides establishing obligations for each State joining the Convention, CMS promotes concerted action among the Range States of many of these species.

Migratory species that need or would significantly benefit from international co-operation are listed in Appendix II of the Convention. For this reason, the Convention encourages the Range States to conclude global or regional agreements.

In this respect, CMS acts as a framework Convention. The agreements may range from legally binding treaties (called Agreements) to less formal instruments, such as Memoranda of Understanding, and can be adapted to the requirements of particular regions. The development of models tailored according to the conservation needs throughout the migratory range is a unique capacity to CMS.

The text of the Convention can be found here and the Appendices here.

Countries

Titlesort descending Status Status date CMS Party number Region
Bolivia Party 2003 81 South & Central America & The Caribbean
Bosnia and Herzegovina Range State Europe
Botswana Range State Africa
Brazil Range State AM
Brunei Darussalam Range State Asia
Bulgaria Party 1999 61 Europe
Burkina Faso Party 1990 30 Africa
Burundi Party 2011 116 Africa
Cabo Verde Party 2006 96 Africa
Cambodia Range State
Cameroon Party 1983 1 Africa
Canada Range State North America
Central African Republic Range State Sig
Chad Party 1997 51 Antarctica
Chile Party 1983 1 South & Central America & The Caribbean
China Range State AM
Colombia Range State South & Central America & The Caribbean
Comoros Range State AM Africa
Congo (Brazzaville) Party 2000 66 Africa
Cook Islands Party 2006 98 Oceania
Instrument nameConvention on the Conservation of Migratory Species of Wild Animals
LanguagesEnglish
French
Spanish
DepositaryGermany
Website URLhttp://www.cms.int/
OtherSummary of the application of CMS to Overseas Territories/Autonomous Regions of Parties and of reservations regarding species in the CMS Appendices
AttachmentSize
Convention text (English)29.28 KB
Texte de la Convention (français)32.24 KB
Texto de la Convención (español)36.45 KB
ConventionText (Arabic) نص الاتفاقية422.25 KB
Convention Text (Chinese) 公约文本746.12 KB
Convention Text (Russian) текст Конвенции337.12 KB
Application of CMS to Overseas Territories/Autonomous Regions of Parties & of reservations on species in the CMS Appendices143.53 KB

Related content