Convention has established several bodies to support its implementation.
The Conference of the
Parties (COP) is the CMS decision-making body.
It meets every three years. Its functions are enumerated
in Article VII of the Convention. For example, it reviews
the Convention's implementation, adopts budgets, resolutions
and recommendations, amends Appendix I and II and decides
on priorities for future CMS activities.
The Standing Committee
(StC) provides policy and administrative guidance
between regular meetings of the COP, particularly on general
policy as well as on operational and financial issues. It
was created by Resolution 1.1 of the First Meeting of the
Conference of the Parties. The StC consists of representatives
of the Parties, in particular from each CMS region, the
Depositary and a delegate representing the country that
plans to host the next meeting of the COP. The StC meets
at least annually.
The Scientific Council
(ScC) advises the COP and the Secretariat on
scientific matters and priorities for research and conservation.
Its functions are enumerated in Article VIII of the Convention.
The ScC consists of experts appointed by CMS Parties. In
addition, the Convention provides for the appointment of
a limited number of qualified individuals -appointed councillors-
who are recognised experts in their field or region. The
ScC presently has 8 appointed councillors whose expertise
covers aquatic mammals, African fauna, Asian fauna, birds,
bycatch, fish, marine turtles and neotropical fauna. Scientific
Councillors participate in ScC meetings in their capacity
as experts, not as governmental representatives. The ScC
meets once immediately before the COP and once inter-sessionally.
All three bodies have the possibility to establish working
groups on particular species or other topics.