As an environmental treaty under the aegis of the United Nations Environment Programme, CMS provides a global platform for the conservation and sustainable use of migratory animals and their habitats. CMS brings together the States through which migratory animals pass, the Range States, and lays the legal foundation for internationally coordinated conservation measures throughout a migratory range.

As the only global convention specializing in the conservation of migratory species, their habitats and migration routes, CMS complements and co-operates with a number of other international organizations, NGOs and partners in the media as well as in the corporate sector.

Migratory species threatened with extinction are listed on Appendix I of the Convention. CMS Parties strive towards strictly protecting these animals, conserving or restoring the places where they live, mitigating obstacles to migration and controlling other factors that might endanger them. Besides establishing obligations for each State joining the Convention, CMS promotes concerted action among the Range States of many of these species.

Migratory species that need or would significantly benefit from international co-operation are listed in Appendix II of the Convention. For this reason, the Convention encourages the Range States to conclude global or regional agreements.

In this respect, CMS acts as a framework Convention. The agreements may range from legally binding treaties (called Agreements) to less formal instruments, such as Memoranda of Understanding, and can be adapted to the requirements of particular regions. The development of models tailored according to the conservation needs throughout the migratory range is a unique capacity to CMS.


Titlesort descending Status Status date Party number Region
Costa Rica Party 2007 103 South & Central America & The Caribbean
Côte d'Ivoire Party 2003 83 Africa
Croatia Party 70
Cuba Party 105
Cyprus Party 77 Europe
Czech Republic Party 44
Democratic Republic of the Congo (Kinshasa) Party 34 Africa
Denmark Party 1
Djibouti Party 87
Dominica Range state South & Central America & The Caribbean
Dominican Republic Range state South & Central America & The Caribbean
Ecuador Party 85
Egypt Party 1 Africa
El Salvador Range state South & Central America & The Caribbean
Equatorial Guinea Party 114
Eritrea Party 89
Estonia Party 2008 110 Europe
Ethiopia Party 2010 113 Africa
European Union Party 1983 1 Europe
Falkland Islands (Islas Malvinas) Range state 19 South & Central America & The Caribbean
Instrument nameConvention on the Conservation of Migratory Species of Wild Animals
Website URL
Convention Text69.54 KB
Appendices I & II57.31 KB
Texte de la convention130.68 KB
Annexes I et II60.42 KB
Texto de la Convención131.17 KB
Apéndices I y II60.21 KB
نص الاتفاقية422.25 KB
Appendices I & II - Arabic132.79 KB
公约文本746.12 KB
Appendices I & II - Chinese258.5 KB
текст Конвенции337.12 KB
Appendices I & II - Russian116.27 KB

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