CMS partners include the secretariats of
biodiversity-related Multilateral Environmental Agreements
(MEAs), other inter-governmental bodies, non-governmental
organizations and the private sector, that work with CMS.
They play an instrumental role in the implementation of
CMS and its related instruments and initiatives, and help
the Secretariat to reach a wide audience and raise public
awareness of the importance of conserving migratory species
on a global scale.
CMS has also developed a code of conduct governing its
relationships with the private sector. The code can be found
LIST OF PARTNERS:
Below we have alphabetically
listed the organizations with which CMS collaborates either
in the development of conservation policy or on specific
projects and fieldwork through formal partnership agreements.
CMS also cooperates with a number of other organizations
outside the framework of formal agreements, some of whom
are listed here.
To find out more about any of these collaborating
organisations, click on their initials, acronym or short
name. The information provided includes a link to each organisation’s
- Alliance of Marine Mammal Parks and Aquariums
Bern Convention - Conservation
of European Wildlife and Natural Habitats
BLI - BirdLife
CAFF - Conservation
of Arctic Flora and Fauna
Cartagena - Convention
for the Protection and Development of the Marine Environment
in the Wider Caribbean Region
CBD - Convention on
CIC - International
Council for Game and Wildlife Conservation
CITES - Convention
on International Trade in Endangered Species of Wild Fauna
Friends of CMS
- Freunde der Bonner Konvention
FZS - Frankfurt Zoological
GBIF - the Global Biodviersity
GNF - Global Nature
- the Humane Society International - Australia
ICF - International
IFAW - International
Fund for Animal Welfare
ITTO - International
Tropical Timber Organization
IUCN - International
Union for Conservation of Nature
IUCN - ELC - International
Union for Conservation of Nature - Environmental Law Centre
IWC - International
MWN - Migratory Wildlife
NOAA - National Oceanic
and Atmospheric Administration
Ramsar - Convention
on Wetlands of International Importance especially as Waterfowl
SCF - Sahara Conservation
SPREP - Pacific Regional
TUI AG - TUI Aktiengesellschaft
UNCCD - United Nations
Convention on Combating Desertification
UNESCO - United Nations
Educational, Scientific and Cultural Organization
WAZA - World Association
of Zoos and Aquariums
WCS - Wildlife Conservation
WDC - Whale and Dolphin
WI - Wetlands International
WHMSI - Western Hemisphere
Migratory Species Initiative
To access the organisations' own websites,
click on the web address. CMS is not responsible for the
content of external websites.
The Alliance of Marine Mammal Parks and Aquariums
is an international association representing marine life
parks, aquariums, zoos, research facilities and professional
organizations dedicated to the highest standards of care
for marine mammals and to their conservation in the wild
through public education, scientific study and wildlife
link to website
The Convention on the Conservation of European
Wildlife and Natural Habitats - the Bern Convention - is
a binding international legal instrument in the field of
nature conservation, which covers the natural heritage of
the European continent and extends to some states of Africa.
It aims to conserve wild flora and fauna and their natural
habitats, especially those species and habitats whose conservation
requires the co-operation of several States, and to promote
such co-operation. It was adopted on September 1979 and
came into force on 1 June 1982.
BirdLife International is a global Partnership
of conservation organisations that strives to conserve birds,
their habitats and global biodiversity, working with people
towards sustainability in the use of natural resources.
BirdLife Partners operate in over one hundred countries
and territories worldwide and collaborate on regional work
programmes in every continent.
The Conservation of Arctic Flora and Fauna
(CAFF) program is the biodiversity working group of the
Arctic Council. It addresses the conservation of Arctic
biodiversity, and communicates its findings to the governments
and residents of the Arctic, helping to promote practices
which ensure the sustainability of the Arctic’s living
resources. CAFF’s projects provide data for informed
decision making on biodiversity issues.
The Convention for the Protection and Development
of the Marine Environment in the Wider Caribbean Region
was adopted in Cartagena, Colombia on 24 March 1983 and
entered into force on 11 October 1986, for the legal implementation
of the Action Plan for the Caribbean Environment Programme.
It promotes regional cooperation for the protection and
sustainable development of the marine environment of the
wider Caribbean region.
The Convention on Biological Diversity
is an international treaty with three main goals: conservation
of biological diversity (or biodiversity); sustainable use
of its components; and fair and equitable sharing of benefits
arising from genetic resources. Its objective is to develop
national strategies for the conservation and sustainable
use of biological diversity. The Convention was opened for
signature at the Earth Summit in Rio de Janeiro on 5 June
1992 and entered into force on 29 December 1993. CMS is
recognized as CBD's lead partner on matters relating to
the conservation and sustainable use of migratory species.
The International Council for Game and
Wildlife Conservation is a politically independent advisory
body internationally active on a non-profit basis. It promotes
sustainable hunting through knowledge sharing and networks
to benefit people and conserve nature. The acronym CIC comes
from the organization’s French name Conseil International
de la Chasse et de la Conservation du Gibier.
CITES (the Convention on International
Trade in Endangered Species of Wild Fauna and Flora) is
an international agreement between governments. Its aim
is to ensure that international trade in specimens of wild
animals and plants does not threaten their survival. Because
the trade in wild animals and plants crosses borders between
countries, the effort to regulate it requires international
cooperation to safeguard certain species from over-exploitation.
Today, it accords varying degrees of protection to more
than 30,000 species of animals and plants, whether they
are traded as live specimens, fur coats, dried herbs or
other. The text of the Convention was agreed on 3 March
1973, and on 1 July 1975 CITES entered in force.
- Frankurt Zoological Society
The Frankfurt Zoological Society was established
in 1858 with the aim of establishing a zoo. Now it is also
an internationally operating conservation organization committed
to conserving biological diversity. It aims to protect and
preserve endangered environments and animals the world over.
Friends of CMS
“Friends of CMS” was founded
as a fundraising and awareness-raising platform in Germany
to support conservation action for migratory species. The
association, which unites committed conservationists, scientists,
media representatives and corporate sponsors initiates,
plans and supports projects around the world to protect
The Global Biodiversity Information Facility enables free
and open access to biodiversity data online. It is an international
government-initiated and funded initiative focused on making
biodiversity data available to all and anyone, for scientific
research, conservation and sustainable development.
The Global Nature Fund (GNF) is an NGO which was founded
in early 1998 for the protection of nature and environment
(chiefly lakes, wetlands and freshwater) as well as animals.
Its support includes initiating and carrying nature/environment
protection projects to preserve the fauna, protect migratory
species, their habitats and their migration routes.
HSI - Australia
- the Humane Society Interntaional - Australia
The Humane Society International is an international organization
working to protect all animals, including wildlife, by providing
support and advice on policy development and trade issues
and promoting local empowerment and community education.
It was founded in 1991.
ICF - International
Crane Foundation www.savingcranes.org
The International Crane Foundation is an
NGO, founded in 1973 to conserve cranes and the wetland
and grassland ecosystems on which they depend, ICF has been
one of CMS’s main partner in the MOU concerning conservation
measures for Siberian Crane since the MOU was concluded
IFAW – the International
Fund for Animal Welfare www.ifaw.org
The International Fund for Animal Welfare
(IFAW) is one of the largest animal welfare and conservation
charities in the world. Founded in 1969, IFAW saves animals
in crisis around the world. Its vision is "a world
where animals are respected and protected.” IFAW cares
for individual animals as well as for biodiversity as a
whole and delivers effective solutions for the long‐term
protection of animal populations and habitats by addressing
animal welfare concerns in policy, legislation and society.
IFAW has local expertise and leadership in field offices
worldwide. The organization is sensitive to needs of local
communities and works for solutions that benefit both animals
The International Tropical Timber Organization
(ITTO) is an intergovernmental organization promoting the
conservation and sustainable management, use and trade of
tropical forest resources. The ITTO was established under
the auspices of the United Nations in 1986 amidst increasing
worldwide concern for the fate of tropical forests. ITTO’s
role is to reconcile the seemingly disparate aims of reducing
the alarming rate of deforestation occurring in many tropical
countries while allowing those same countries to engage
in tropical timber trade as a means of achieving economic
IUCN - International
Union for the Conservation of Nature www.iucn.org
Founded in 1948 the International Union
for Conservation of Nature (IUCN) aims to influence, encourage
and assist societies throughout the world to conserve the
integrity and diversity of nature and to ensure that any
use of natural resources is equitable and ecologically sustainable.
The IUCN Protected Areas Programme tries to guide and enhance
the development of adequate regional approaches and models
for effective protected area management, with a focus on
community participation and involvement at all levels.
- IUCN Environmental Law Centre - link
The IUCN/ELC is a leading global centre
of excellence in environmental law. The Centre houses two
extensive libraries, on Legislation, Treaties and Case Law,
and Literature and Soft Law. The ELC is a part of the rich
network of environmental law expertise that comprises the
IUCN Environmental Law Programme (ELP) and it works in collaboration
with the whole of the IUCN family, together with many other
partners from across the globe, in advancing environmental
law. It was established back in 1970.
The International Whaling Commission (IWC) was set up under
the International Convention for the Regulation of Whaling
which was signed in Washington DC on 2nd December 1946.
The purpose of the Convention is to provide for the conservation
of whale stocks and thus make possible the orderly development
of the whaling industry. IWC, among other things, also protects
certain species; designates whale sanctuaries; sets limits
on whale takes; prescribes seasons for whaling; compiles
catch reports; and funds whale research..
MWN - the Migratory
Wildlife Network www.wildmigration.org
The Migratory Wildlife Network fosters and supports a collaborative
civil society partnership of NGOs, wildlife scientists and
wildlife policy experts to coordinate and progress migratory
wildlife conservation through international processes, and
in particular to progress policy and conservation through
CMS and its daughter agreements. It was founded in 2011.
The National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration (NOAA)
is a US federal agency set up under the Department of Commerce
focused on the condition of the oceans and the atmosphere.
NOAA dates back to 1807, when the USA’s first scientific
agency, the Survey of the Coast, was established. Since
then, NOAA has evolved to become one of the leading scientific
and environmental authorities internationally. NOAA’s
responsibilities include understanding and predicting changes
in Earth’s environment and conserving and managing
coastal and marine resources to meet the United States’
economic, social and environmental needs.
The Ramsar Convention provides a framework for national
action and international cooperation for the conservation
and wise use of wetlands and their resources. The Convention
covers all aspects of wetlands conservation and wise use,
recognising wetlands as ecosystems that are extremely important
for biodiversity conservation in general and the well-being
of human communities.
The Sahara Conservation Fund is an international non-governmental
organization established in 2004 to conserve the wildlife
of the Sahara and bordering Sahelian grasslands. SCF’s
vision is of a Sahara that is well conserved and managed,
in which ecological processes function naturally, with plants
and animals existing in healthy numbers across their historical
range; a Sahara that benefits all its inhabitants and users
and where support for its conservation comes from stakeholders
across all sectors of society. To implement its mission,
SCF forges partnerships between people, governments, the
world zoo and scientific communities, international conventions,
NGOs and donor agencies.
The Pacific Regional Environment Programme (SPREP) is a
regional organization established by the governments and
administrations of the Pacific region to look after its
environment. It has grown from a small programme attached
to the South Pacific Commission (SPC) in the 1980s into
the Pacific region’s major intergovernmental organization
charged with protecting and managing the environment and
natural resources. SPREP’s mandate is to promote cooperation
in the Pacific Islands region and to provide assistance
in order to protect and improve the environment and to ensure
sustainable development for present and future generations.
TUI - TUI Aktiengesellschaft
TUI AG is a multinational travel and tourism company. TUI
has supported the United Nations biodiversity campaigns
in order to sensitize customers, employees, contracting
partners and the local population at its headquarters and
other offices to the responsible handling of flora and fauna.
Every year, TUI launches various activities to support environmental
and animal protection programmes.
The United Nations Convention on Combating Desertification
was adopted in Paris in 1994 and entered into force in 1996.
UNCCD works to combat desertification and mitigate the effects
of drought. National Action Programmes (NAPs) address productivity
of land, rehabilitating, conserving and sustainably managing
land and water resources, leading to improved living conditions.
The United Nations Educational, Scientific and Cultural
Organization (UNESCO) was founded in 1945. This specialized
United Nations agency aims to combine education, social
and natural science, culture and communication as the means
to promote peace internationally. Global priorities are
Africa and Gender equality The UNESCO World Heritage Convention
aims to preserve cultural and natural heritage of outstanding
value. The UNESCO Man and the Biosphere (MAB) Programme
sets a scientific basis for the improvement of the relationships
between people and their environment globally.
The World Association of Zoos and Aquariums is the "umbrella"
organization for the world zoo and aquarium community. From
its beginnings in 1935 as the International Union of Directors
of Zoological Gardens (IUDZG), the association was named
WAZA in 2000. WAZA works in the areas of conservation and
survival of species, and promoting the interests of wildlife
conservation, biodiversity and animal welfare. Its Conservation
Strategy involves in-situ conservation projects in all parts
of the world.
The Wildlife Conservation Society is a US-based NGO that
endeavors to save wildlife and wild lands though careful
use of science, conservation action, education and the management
of the world’s largest system of urban wildlife parks
(e.g. Bronx Zoo).
Whale and Dolphin Conservation was established in 1987.
It is a charity dedicated to reduce, and ultimately, eliminate
the continuing threats to cetaceans and their habitats and
to raise awareness of cetaceans and educate people about
the need to address the continuing threats to their welfare
Wetlands International is a global NGO dedicated to the
conservation and restoration of wetlands to benefit biodiversity
and human well-being. Wetlands International is an independent,
not-for-profit, global organization, supported by Government
membership from all continents of the world, extensive specialist
networks and volunteers.
The Western Hemisphere Migratory Species Initiative (WHMSI)
seeks to contribute significantly to the conservation of
the migratory species of the Western Hemisphere by strengthening
cooperation and awareness among nations, international conventions
and civil society, and by expanding constituencies and political
support. Objectives include to promote the adoption of best
management practices; mitigate primary threats; restore
populations of threatened species; facilitate the generation
of key information; produce a catalogue of areas of importance
for migratory species; and communicate and raise awareness
of the ecological, economic and cultural importance of migratory